An Arg-Gly-Asp-directed receptor on the surface of human melanoma cells exists in an divalent cation-dependent functional complex with the disialoganglioside GD2.

The disialogangliosides GD2 and GD3 play a major role in the ability of human melanoma cells to attach to Arg-Gly-Asp-containing substrates such as fibronectin and vitronectin, since pretreatment of these cells with monoclonal antibodies to the oligosaccharide of GD2 and GD3 can inhibit their attachment and spreading on such adhesive proteins. This report demonstrates that human melanoma cells (M21) synthesize and express a glycoprotein receptor that shares antigenic epitopes with the vitronectin receptor on human fibroblasts and is capable of specifically recognizing the Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro sequence. In the presence of calcium, GD2, the major ganglioside of M21 cells, colocalized with this receptor on the surface of human melanoma cells and their focal adhesion plaques as demonstrated by double-label transmission immunoelectron microscopy and indirect immunofluorescence. Biochemical evidence is presented indicating that the vitronectin receptor on M21 human melanoma cells contains associated calcium and GD2. This ganglioside copurified with the glycoprotein receptor for vitronectin on affinity columns containing either an Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptide, concanavalin A, or lentil lectin. This major Arg-Gly-Asp-directed receptor on M21 cells could be metabolically labeled with 45Ca2+. Chelation of this ion with EDTA caused the dissociation of GD2 from the receptor and rendered the remaining glycoprotein incapable of binding to an Arg-Gly-Asp-containing peptide. Reconstitution experiments demonstrated a requirement for calcium, and not magnesium, for receptor binding to Arg-Gly-Asp and indicated that addition of ganglioside can enhance this interaction.
AuthorsD A Cheresh, R Pytela, M D Pierschbacher, F G Klier, E Ruoslahti, R A Reisfeld
JournalThe Journal of cell biology (J Cell Biol) Vol. 105 Issue 3 Pg. 1163-73 (Sep 1987) ISSN: 0021-9525 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2443507 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Gangliosides
  • Oligopeptides
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Vitronectin
  • arginyl-glycyl-aspartic acid
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Membrane (metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Gangliosides (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Melanoma (metabolism)
  • Oligopeptides
  • Receptors, Cell Surface (metabolism)
  • Receptors, Immunologic (isolation & purification, metabolism)
  • Receptors, Vitronectin

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!

Choose Username:
Verify Password: