Telomerase activity in benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors.

Ovarian epithelial tumors include benign lesions lacking invasive and metastatic abilities (cystadenomas) in addition to malignant lesions (carcinomas). An intermediate category, called tumors of low malignant potential (LMP), is also recognized. The merit of this classification is being challenged because the clinical behavior of LMP tumors appears closer to that of cystadenomas than to that of carcinomas.
To verify our hypothesis that the expression of the enzyme telomerase distinguishes these two categories of ovarian epithelial tumors, we examined and compared such expression in ovarian cystadenomas and carcinomas. By examining the expression of telomerase in LMP tumors, we then sought to determine if these tumors were more closely related to cystadenomas or to carcinomas with regard to telomerase expression.
We examined a total of 64 consecutive ovarian tumors subdivided into 20 carcinomas, 17 LMP tumors, and 27 cystadenomas. We subsequently discarded three of the 27 cystadenomas because of the presence of admixed normal ovarian stroma in those specimens. Tumor subtyping was done without knowledge of the telomerase results, and telomerase assays were likewise interpreted without knowledge of tumor types. Telomerase activity was determined by use of the TRAP (i.e., telomeric repeat amplification protocol) assay. Differences between the proportions of tumors expressing this enzyme in each subgroup were evaluated by use of Fisher's exact test (two-sided).
Telomerase activity was detected in all 20 carcinomas and in all 17 LMP tumors examined. In contrast, it was not detected in 19 of the 24 cystadenomas. These differences between rates of telomerase expression in either carcinomas or LMP tumors and those in cystadenomas were statistically significant (P<.0001). All five of the telomerase-positive cystadenomas belonged to a variant called papillary cystadenomas, whereas none of the telomerase-negative cystadenomas belonged to this variant (P<.0001).
The presence of telomerase expression in ovarian LMP tumors supports the merit of continuing to separate these tumors from cystadenomas, in spite of their apparent benign clinical course. The finding of telomerase expression in papillary cystadenomas suggests that such tumors may be mechanistically related to LMP tumors and should perhaps be reclassified as variants of LMP tumors. Lack of telomerase expression in ovarian cystadenomas raises questions about the alleged immortality of these tumors because expression of this enzyme is thought to be essential for continuous growth in adult tumors.
AuthorsM Wan, W Z Li, B D Duggan, J C Felix, Y Zhao, L Dubeau
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute (J Natl Cancer Inst) Vol. 89 Issue 6 Pg. 437-41 (Mar 19 1997) ISSN: 0027-8874 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9091645 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • DNA Probes
  • Telomerase
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Carcinoma (enzymology, pathology)
  • Cystadenoma (enzymology, pathology)
  • Cystadenoma, Papillary (enzymology)
  • DNA Probes
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Ovarian Neoplasms (enzymology, pathology)
  • Telomerase (metabolism)

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