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Artificial Respiration (Mechanical Ventilation)

Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
Also Known As:
Mechanical Ventilation; Respiration, Artificial; Artificial Respirations; Mechanical Ventilations; Respirations, Artificial; Ventilations, Mechanical; Ventilation, Mechanical
Networked: 13348 relevant articles (432 outcomes, 985 trials/studies)

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Therapy Context: Research Results

Experts

1. Schultz, Marcus J: 55 articles (10/2015 - 04/2005)
2. Slutsky, Arthur S: 42 articles (12/2015 - 06/2002)
3. Pelosi, Paolo: 39 articles (12/2015 - 04/2004)
4. Powers, Scott K: 37 articles (11/2015 - 11/2002)
5. Azoulay, Elie: 33 articles (02/2016 - 07/2003)
6. Rello, Jordi: 26 articles (10/2015 - 10/2002)
7. Zhang, Haibo: 26 articles (08/2015 - 06/2002)
8. Brochard, Laurent: 25 articles (11/2015 - 01/2002)
9. Matthay, Michael A: 25 articles (01/2015 - 05/2003)
10. Gajic, Ognjen: 24 articles (10/2015 - 01/2004)

Related Diseases

1. Respiratory Insufficiency (Respiratory Failure)
2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
05/07/1994 - "Back up pressure face mask is the technique of choice in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in acute decompensation given that this technique leads to a rapid and significant improvement of gaseous exchange and avoids the need for intubation and mechanical ventilation in most of these patients."
11/01/2013 - "Although the authors detected no significant difference in mortality rate at the time of discharge between steroid and streroid-free patients, this study confirms that systemic corticosteroid therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations requiring mechanical ventilation is associated with a significant reduction in the duration of mechanical ventilation. "
11/01/2009 - "There was a significant reduction (P = 0.013) in the period the patients with COPD spent on the mechanical ventilation when received intravenous supplementation (9.4 +/- 7.3 days) compared with the COPD patients who received placebo (17.8 +/- 7.6 days). "
07/15/2001 - "We designed a prospective multicenter randomized controlled study in three long-term weaning units (LWU) to evaluate which protocol, inspiratory pressure support ventilation (PSV) or spontaneous breathing trials (SB), is more effective in weaning patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring mechanical ventilation for more than 15 d. "
06/01/2008 - "Noninvasive mechanical ventilation can be more effective in patients with moderate-severe exacerbations of COPD and these complications can be minimized by an adequate interface also by the contribution of the physiotherapist experience."
3. Critical Illness (Critically Ill)
4. Pneumonia (Pneumonitis)
12/01/2009 - "Eight controlled studies have consistently reported a significant reduction in markers of systemic inflammation, pulmonary and extrapulmonary organ dysfunction scores, duration of mechanical ventilation, and ICU length of stay. "
04/01/2011 - "Current smokers also had significantly greater odds of pneumonia (odds ratio [OR], 2.09; 95% CI, 1.80-2.43), unplanned intubation (OR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.58-2.21), and mechanical ventilation (OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.31-1.79). "
01/01/2006 - "There was a significant reduction in the incidence of nosocomial pneumonia (pooled odds ratio (OR) 0.38, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.28 to 0.53), but no reduction in mortality (pooled OR 0.96, 95%CI 0.66 to 1.14), duration of mechanical ventilation (pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) -0.14 days, 95%CI, -0.29 to 0.02), duration of intensive care unit stay (pooled SMD -0.064 days, 95% CI, -0.21 to 0.086) or duration of hospital stay (pooled SMD 0.05 days, 95% CI -0.18 to 0.27). "
05/01/2005 - "Histologic examination showed increased recruitment of the dependent lung in groups 3 and 4, with significantly greater lung expansion index, than groups 1 and 2. PLV, with a single dose of higher viscosity and lower vapor pressure PFC, resulted in significantly improved gas exchange and lung mechanics with significant reduction in lung inflammation compared with conventional mechanical ventilation alone and PLV with lower viscosity and higher vapor pressure liquid. "
07/01/2004 - "Notable results were the greater requirement for mechanical ventilation in Legionella pneumonia and the good results obtained by home-based hospital care within current health care management."
5. Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome)

Related Drugs and Biologics

1. Oxygen
2. Dexmedetomidine
3. Ketamine
4. Carbon Dioxide
5. Midazolam (Versed)
6. Anti-Bacterial Agents (Antibiotics)
7. Adrenal Cortex Hormones (Corticosteroids)
8. Creatinine
9. Propofol (Diprivan)
10. Bronchodilator Agents (Bronchodilators)

Related Therapies and Procedures

1. Positive-Pressure Respiration (PEEP)
2. Length of Stay
3. Intensive Care (Surgical Intensive Care)
4. Mechanical Ventilators (Ventilator)
5. Tracheostomy