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Diagnostic role of Gallium-68 DOTATOC and Gallium-68 DOTATATE PET in patients with neuroendocrine tumors: a meta-analysis.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Gallium-68 somatostatin receptor positron emission tomography (PET) has been used in the diagnosis of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). The compounds often used in molecular imaging of NETs with PET are 68Ga-DOTATOC, 68Ga-DOTATATE, and 68Ga-DOTANOC. There is varying affinity to different somatostatin receptors.
PURPOSE:
To systematically review and perform a meta-analysis of published data regarding the diagnostic role of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in the diagnosis of NETs.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
A comprehensive literature search of studies published through 30 April 2013 regarding 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in the diagnosis of NETs was performed using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus databases. Pooled sensitivity and specificity of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in the diagnosis of NETs were calculated. The area under the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve was calculated to measure the accuracy of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in the diagnosis of NETs.
RESULTS:
Ten studies comprising 416 patients with NETs were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in the diagnosis of NETs calculated on a per-patient-based analysis was 93% (95% confidence interval [CI] 89-96%) and 96% (95% CI 91-99%). The pooled specificity of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET in diagnosing NETs was 85% (95% CI 74-93%) and 100% (95% CI 82-100%). The area under the ROC curve of 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE PET was 0.96 and 0.98, respectively, on a per-patient-based analysis.
CONCLUSION:
The molecular imaging agents 68Ga-DOTATOC and 68Ga-DOTATATE demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of NETs on PET scan. Although both are accurate tools in the diagnosis of NETs, 68Ga-DOTATATE PET may be more sensitive and specific than 68Ga-DOTATOC PET scan.
AuthorsJigang Yang, Ying Kan, Benjamin H Ge, Leilei Yuan, Chunlin Li, Wenrui Zhao
JournalActa radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987) (Acta Radiol) Vol. 55 Issue 4 Pg. 389-98 (May 2014) ISSN: 1600-0455 [Electronic] England
PMID23928010 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Meta-Analysis, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • 68Ga-DOTANOC
  • 68Ga-DOTATATE
  • Organometallic Compounds
Topics
  • Humans
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors (radionuclide imaging)
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Positron-Emission Tomography

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