Modulation by bexarotene of mRNA expression of genes in mouse lung tumors.

Bexarotene has demonstrated chemopreventive and therapeutic efficacy towards mouse lung tumors. Using specimens from our published study that demonstrated the efficacy of bexarotene, we report herein its ability to modulate mRNA expression of genes in both lung and lung tumors. Strain A/J mice were administered vinyl carbamate to induce lung tumors. This was followed by 200 mg/kg body weight of bexarotene administered by oral gavage during Wks 4-25 or 23-25. The mice were sacrificed at Wk 25. The expression of 26 genes was decreased in lung tumors, whereas only two genes, Apolipoprotein D and CYP26b, had their mRNA expression increased by bexarotene. Genes with increased mRNA expression in untreated lung tumors include: epiregulin and kininogen-1 (increased by more than 40-fold) and Caspase-3, Cyclin D1, DNA methyltransferase 3a (Dnmt-3a), E-prostanoid 3 receptor (EP3), c-myc, surfactant protein-C, and survivin (increased by 1.7- to 3.6-fold). Bexarotene decreased the mRNA expression of Caspase-3, Dnmt-3a, EP3, and survivin, as well as the expression of the Cyclin E1, estrogen receptor-alpha, and iNOS genes. Bexarotene had a greater effect in decreasing the expression of Caspase-3, Cyclin E1, Dnmt-3a, EP3, iNOS, and survivin, when administered to mice with established tumors than when administered to mice while tumors were emerging. In summary, bexarotene modulated mRNA expression of genes in mouse lung tumors, being more effective in established tumors than in emerging tumors, suggesting that modulation of expression could be useful as a biomarker for the therapeutic and chemopreventive activity of the drug, especially in established tumors.
AuthorsFadel S Alyaqoub, Yue Liu, Lianhui Tao, Vernon E Steele, Ronald A Lubet, Michael A Pereira
JournalMolecular carcinogenesis (Mol Carcinog) Vol. 47 Issue 3 Pg. 165-71 (Mar 2008) ISSN: 1098-2744 [Electronic] United States
PMID17849452 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Copyright(c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Chemical References
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents
  • Peptides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Scgb1a1 protein, mouse
  • Sftpc protein, mouse
  • Tetrahydronaphthalenes
  • Urethane
  • vinyl carbamate
  • Uteroglobin
  • bexarotene
  • Administration, Oral
  • Animals
  • Anticarcinogenic Agents (administration & dosage, metabolism)
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic (drug effects)
  • Lung Neoplasms (drug therapy, etiology, pathology)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred A
  • Peptides (metabolism)
  • RNA, Messenger (metabolism)
  • Tetrahydronaphthalenes (administration & dosage, metabolism)
  • Tumor Burden (drug effects)
  • Urethane (analogs & derivatives, toxicity)
  • Uteroglobin (metabolism)

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