|1.||Matalon, Sadis: 14 articles (08/2015 - 11/2008)|
|2.||Doran, Stephen F: 9 articles (08/2015 - 07/2010)|
|3.||Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): 8 articles (04/2015 - 05/2001)|
|4.||Hoyle, Gary W: 8 articles (01/2015 - 07/2008)|
|5.||Chen, Jing: 7 articles (01/2015 - 07/2008)|
|6.||Squadrito, Giuseppe L: 7 articles (12/2012 - 11/2008)|
|7.||Postlethwait, Edward M: 6 articles (12/2012 - 07/2010)|
|8.||Yu, Zhihong: 4 articles (08/2015 - 07/2011)|
|9.||Schlueter, Connie F: 4 articles (10/2013 - 12/2010)|
|10.||Bracher, Andreas: 4 articles (12/2012 - 11/2008)|
01/16/2014 - "Most laboratories use approximately 25 to 50 ppm unbuffered chlorine solution for 5 to 10 min. Treatment of embryos with chlorine has significant germicidal effects for many Gram-negative bacteria, viruses, and trophozoite stages of protozoa, but is less effective against cyst or spore stages of protozoa and certain Mycobacterium spp. Therefore, we evaluated the toxicity of unbuffered and buffered chlorine solutions to embryos exposed at 6 or 24 h post-fertilization (hpf) to determine whether higher concentrations can be used for treating zebrafish embryos. "
09/01/2003 - "Current guidance covers inactivation levels in the pH range between 6 and 9. Subsequent to the publication of these criteria, studies on the inactivation kinetics of Giardia cysts by chlorine have been performed at pH levels greater than 9. It has been shown that the chlorine inactivation process for Giardia cysts is pH dependent. "
10/01/1985 - "In this study, in vitro excystation and mouse infectivity were compared as methods for quantitatively determining the viability of Giardia muris cysts before and after exposure to free residual chlorine. "
02/01/1981 - "At this temperature, 2 mg of chlorine per liter killed all cysts after 60 min at pH 6 and 7, but not at pH 8. A chlorine concentration of 4 mg/liter killed all the cysts at all three pH values after 60 min, but not after 30 min. A chlorine concentration of 8 mg/liter killed all Giardia cysts at pH 6 and 7 after contact for 10 min, and at pH 8 after 30 min. This study points up the role of temperature, pH, and chlorine demand in the halogen treatment of drinking water to destroy cysts. "
06/01/2014 - "The cysts are chlorine-resistant and, therefore, can pollute drinking water and induce a pandemic disease. "
10/01/2002 - "The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of prone and supine positions on pulmonary and cardiovascular functions following experimental chlorine gas lung injury. "
05/01/2015 - "Chlorine (Cl2) inhalation induces severe oxidative lung injury and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) that lead to asthmalike symptoms. "
01/15/2013 - "To examine pathological changes following chlorine-induced lung injury, mice were exposed to a single high dose of chlorine, and repair of the lung was analyzed at multiple times after exposure. "
12/01/2012 - "Chlorine (Cl(2))-induced lung injury is a serious public health threat that may result from industrial and household accidents. "
10/01/2012 - "Administration of nitrite after chlorine gas exposure prevents lung injury: effect of administration modality."
11/01/2015 - "Moreover, the treatment with slightly acidic electrolyzed water significantly reduced the microbial counts in the germinated millet (P < 0.05) and the treatment with high available chlorine concentration (15 and 30 mg/L) showed stronger anti-infection potential in the germinated brown millet than that of lower available chlorine concentration (5 mg/L). "
08/01/2015 - "Respiratory syncytial virus infection increases chlorine-induced airway hyperresponsiveness."
09/01/2014 - "CF infection prevention strategies in such scenarios should therefore target interventions with increased concentrations of chlorine to ensure the eradication of MDR P. "
06/15/2013 - "These results collectively indicate that the current practice of chlorine disinfection may be inadequate to manage the risk of waterborne HRV infection, and offer the potential to monitor the infectivity of HRV adapting PCR-based protocols in chlorine disinfection."
06/01/2013 - "Chlorine gas exposure increases susceptibility to invasive lung fungal infection."
04/01/2013 - "The results show that the modification of the pentafluoro group of [(18)F]EF5 by monofluorine-for-chlorine exchange affected the lipophilicity, but the hypoxia avidity of these molecules was not apparently altered."
09/01/1984 - "Chlorine gas inhalation is usually accompanied by pulmonary toxicity and hypoxemia; the associated acidemia, when present, has been attributed to lactic acidosis. "
05/01/1986 - "W-5, a chlorine-deficient derivative of W-7, showed no protection against hypoxia-induced AV nodal conduction disturbances. "
04/01/2006 - "We report the case of a 9-year-old girl who developed dyspnea, hypoxemia, and pneumonitis approximately 12 hours after exposure to chlorine released from aerosolized swimming pool purification tablets. "
12/01/1988 - "[Effects of hypoxia on plasma concentrations and daily elimination of sodium, potassium and chlorine ions]."
01/15/2011 - "SAR studies showed that introduction of a chlorine atom to the 7-position and/or a methyl group to the 2-position of the chroman ring resulted in an improvement of anti-seizure efficacy in O-(2,4-dichlorobenzyl) oxime series."
01/01/2004 - "The duration of anticonvulsant action of 33 micromol/kg of some 2,3-benzodiazepines and THIQs was also investigated in DBA/2 mice, a strain genetically susceptible to audiogenic seizures, and it was observed that the derivative THIQ-10c, possessing an acetyl group at the N-2 and a chlorine atom on the C-1 phenyl ring, showed higher anticonvulsant activity and longer-lasting protective effects."
|1.||Photochemotherapy (Photodynamic Therapy)