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Hydroxyethyl starch macromolecule and superoxide dismutase effects on myocardial reperfusion injury.

Abstract
Myocardial reperfusion injury may be due to biophysical changes (e.g., endothelial cell junctional separations), as well as biochemical mechanisms (e.g., oxygen free radical activity). Superoxide dismutase (SOD), a free radical scavenger, may be effective in reducing chemical injury. Fractions of hydroxyethyl starch (HES-Pz), a large macromolecule, have been shown to decrease microvascular permeability associated with reperfusion-induced biophysical alterations. A comparison of SOD to HES-Pz was performed using a canine model of 1-hour left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) clamping followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. Amounts of the test solution equal to 10% of the dog's blood volume were administered intraatrially to the animals just before release of the LAD clamp. Six dogs received Ringer's lactate, 7 were given 600,000 IU of SOD, 13 received 6% HES-Pz, and 9 were given SOD and HES-Pz. The ratio of infarct to area at risk was 20 +/- 3% in the control dogs receiving Ringer's lactate, 16 +/- 4% in animals receiving SOD alone (p = NS), 6 +/- 3% in dogs receiving HES-Pz alone (p less than 0.05), and 8 +/- 3% in dogs given a combination of SOD and HES-Pz (p less than 0.05). HES-Pz alone and with SOD significantly reduced reperfusion injury, although addition of SOD to HES-Pz did not have an additive effect. Appropriate-sized macromolecules may act by reducing ischemia-induced microvascular permeability.
AuthorsM C Oz, B A Zikria, P F McLeod, S J Popilkis
JournalAmerican journal of surgery (Am J Surg) Vol. 162 Issue 1 Pg. 59-62 (Jul 1991) ISSN: 0002-9610 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID1712154 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives
  • Isotonic Solutions
  • Ringer's lactate
  • Superoxide Dismutase
Topics
  • Animals
  • Dogs
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Isotonic Solutions (administration & dosage)
  • Myocardial Infarction (pathology, prevention & control)
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury (drug therapy, physiopathology)
  • Myocardium (pathology)
  • Superoxide Dismutase (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Time Factors

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