Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dystonia

A parasomnia characterized by paroxysmal episodes of choreoathetotic, ballistic, dystonic movements, and semipurposeful activity. The episodes occur during non-rapid eye movement sleep and typically recur several times per night. (Neurology 1992 Jul;42(7 Suppl 6):61-67; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p391)
Also Known As:
Dystonia, Hypnogenic Paroxysmal; Dystonia, Nocturnal Paroxysmal; Dystonia, Sleep-Related; Dystonias, Hypnogenic Paroxysmal; Dystonias, Nocturnal Paroxysmal; Dystonias, Sleep-Related; Hypnogenic Paroxysmal Dystonias; Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dystonias; Paroxysmal Dystonia, Hypnogenic; Paroxysmal Dystonia, Nocturnal; Paroxysmal Dystonias, Hypnogenic; Paroxysmal Dystonias, Nocturnal; Sleep Related Dystonia; Sleep-Related Dystonias; Dystonia, Nocturnal, Paroxysmal; Hypnogenic Paroxysmal Dystonia; Sleep-Related Dystonia
Networked: 16 relevant articles (0 outcomes, 1 trials/studies)

Disease Context: Research Results

Related Diseases

1. Epilepsy (Aura)
2. Dyskinesias (Dyskinesia)
3. Stroke (Strokes)
4. Panic Disorder (Panic Attack)
5. Movement Disorders (Movement Disorder)


1. Liang, Shuli: 1 article (01/2015)
2. Tai, Junli: 1 article (01/2015)
3. Zhang, Shaohui: 1 article (01/2015)
4. Yu, Xiaoman: 1 article (01/2015)
5. Teive, Hélio A Ghizoni: 1 article (12/2006)
6. Piovesan, Elcio J: 1 article (12/2006)
7. Kowacs, Pedro A: 1 article (12/2006)
8. Werneck, Lineu C: 1 article (12/2006)
9. Zavala, Jorge A: 1 article (12/2006)
10. López-Agreda, J M: 1 article (05/2002)

Drugs and Biologics

Drugs and Important Biological Agents (IBA) related to Nocturnal Paroxysmal Dystonia:
1. neodymium pyrocatechin disulfonate (NPD)IBA
2. Familial paroxysmal dystoniaIBA
3. Type A Botulinum Toxins (Botulinum A Toxin)FDA Link
4. Anticonvulsants (Antiepileptic Drugs)IBA
5. Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesiaIBA

Therapies and Procedures

1. Drug Therapy (Chemotherapy)