The in situ degradation of ceramide, a potential lipid mediator, is not completely impaired in Farber disease.

The time course of degradation of a radiolabelled natural ceramide has been studied in intact, living lymphoid cells and skin fibroblasts from normal individuals and from patients affected with Farber disease, an inborn disorder of ceramide metabolism due to deficient activity of lysosomal ceramidase. The hydrolysis of ceramide in lysosomes was selectively followed by examining the turnover of an LDL-associated radioactive sphingomyelin. This permitted to estimate accurately the effective lysosomal ceramidase activity and to demonstrate: (i) a very active catabolism of ceramide in normal cells; and (ii) the absence of a complete block of ceramide degradation in Farber cells. The possible implication of ceramide as a lipid mediator of the pathogenesis of Farber disease is discussed.
AuthorsT Levade, M C Tempesta, R Salvayre
JournalFEBS letters (FEBS Lett) Vol. 329 Issue 3 Pg. 306-12 (Aug 30 1993) ISSN: 0014-5793 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID8365472 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Ceramides
  • Lipoproteins, LDL
  • Sphingomyelins
  • Amidohydrolases
  • Ceramidases
  • Amidohydrolases (metabolism)
  • Cell Line
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Ceramidases
  • Ceramides (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors (metabolism)
  • Lipoproteins, LDL (metabolism)
  • Lysosomes (enzymology)
  • Sphingomyelins (metabolism)

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