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Differential surface structures of invasive and non-invasive Ehrlich ascites tumor cell lines with special reference to the effect of hydrocortisone treatment.

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation between the fine structure of the tumor cell surface and the tumor malignancy by scanning electron microscopy. Practically, comparison was made between the invasive Ehrlich ascites clone 1 tumor and the non-invasive Ehrlich ascites clone 3 tumor, and also between the 4th postinoculation day and the 6th postinoculation day as regards the growth of microvilli on the cell surface. On the 4th postinoculation day, an invasive clone 1 tumor cell was indistinguishable from a non-invasive clone tumor cell because of their common paucity of microvilli development. On the 6th postinoculation day, the former was associated with exuberant growth of microvilli, and was clearly distinguished from the latter in which the density of microvilli stayed low as before. The appearance of dense microvilli growth in the invasive clone 1 tumor cells chronologically coincided with the stage of fatal bleeding into the abdominal cavity. Hydrocortisone with a dose of 1 mg/mouse, when given subcutaneously to a tumor-bearing mouse on the 4th postinoculation day, stimulated the development of microvilli in both clone 1 and clone 3 tumors. The enhancing effect of the hormone on this process was detectable 2 hours after hormone injection. It was indicated that the dense growth of microvilli in the clone 1 tumor facilitated its tumor invasion into visceral organs, and that the enhancing effect of hydrocortisone on microvilli development was to be related to the promotion of malignant transformation. The possible implications of glucocorticoid in mammocarcinogenesis are discussed from the point of view of comparative endocrinology.
AuthorsM Kodama, T Kodama, Y Nishi
JournalAnticancer research (Anticancer Res) 1992 Jul-Aug Vol. 12 Issue 4 Pg. 1217-21 ISSN: 0250-7005 [Print] GREECE
PMID1503412 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Hydrocortisone
Topics
  • Animals
  • Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor (drug therapy, ultrastructure)
  • Hydrocortisone (pharmacology)
  • Mice
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Microvilli (drug effects)
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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