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Corneal sensation after cataract and refractive surgery.

Abstract
Most surgical procedures involving the anterior segment of the eye disrupt the normal organization of corneal innervation. Since denervation of the cornea results in impaired epithelial wound healing, increased epithelial permeability, decreased epithelial metabolic activity, and loss of cytoskeletal structures associated with cellular adhesion, it is important to identify the factors that determine the extent of neural regeneration. Mechanisms of corneal nerve damage and studies of corneal nerve fiber loss and reinnervation after cataract and refractive surgery--epikeratophakia, cryokeratomileusis, keratomileusis in situ, photorefractive keratectomy, laser in situ keratomileusis, and phacoemulsification--are reviewed and the decrease in corneal sensitivity, as a measure of corneal destruction and corneal metabolism, after these surgical procedures is compared.
AuthorsM Kohlhaas
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery (J Cataract Refract Surg) Vol. 24 Issue 10 Pg. 1399-409 (Oct 1998) ISSN: 0886-3350 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9795860 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Cataract Extraction
  • Cornea (innervation, surgery)
  • Humans
  • Nerve Regeneration
  • Ophthalmic Nerve (physiology)
  • Refractive Surgical Procedures
  • Sensation (physiology)

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