A dose-controlled study of 153Sm-ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate (EDTMP) in the treatment of patients with painful bone metastases.

One hundred and fourteen patients with painful bone metastases participated in this randomised, dose-controlled study of the efficacy and safety of 153Sm-ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate (EDTMP), a systemically administered radiopharmaceutical. Fifty-five patients received single doses of 0.5 mCi/kg and 59 patients received single doses of 1.0 mCi/kg. Treatment with 153-Sm-EDTMP produced improvement from baseline in all patient-rated efficacy assessments, including degree of pain, level of daytime discomfort, quality of sleep and pain relief. During the first 4 weeks after dose administration, when the patients evaluated efficacy daily, there were statistically significant changes from baseline with the 1.0 mCi/kg dose but not with the 0.5 mCi/kg dose. The difference between doses in visual analogue pain scores was statistically significant at week 4 (P = 0.0476). Among subsets of patients examined, female patients with breast cancer receiving 1.0 mCi/kg had the most noticeable improvement. The physicians judged that approximately half of the patients in each dose group were experiencing some degree of pain relief by week 2. This value increased to 55% for the 0.5 mCi/kg group and 70% for the 1.0 mCi/kg group at week 4. More patients in the higher dose group (54%) than in the lower dose group (44%) completed the 16-week study. A predictable level of dose-related marrow suppression was the only toxicity associated with 153Sm-EDTMP treatment. Values for platelets and WBCs reached nadirs at 3 or 4 weeks with both doses and recovered by 8 weeks. Even at their lowest point, the values were generally higher than those associated with infectious or haemorrhagic complications. Myelotoxicity was no greater in female patients than in male patients. Long-term follow-up revealed longer survival among breast cancer patients who had received the higher dose than among those who had received the lower dose. The results suggest that the 1.0 mCi/kg dose of 153Sm-EDTMP is safe and effective for the treatment of painful bone metastases.
AuthorsI Resche, J F Chatal, A Pecking, P Ell, G Duchesne, R Rubens, I Fogelman, S Houston, A Fauser, M Fischer, D Wilkins
JournalEuropean journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990) (Eur J Cancer) Vol. 33 Issue 10 Pg. 1583-91 (Sep 1997) ISSN: 0959-8049 [Print] England
PMID9389919 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Organophosphorus Compounds
  • Radioisotopes
  • Samarium
  • samarium Sm-153 lexidronam
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic (therapeutic use)
  • Bone Neoplasms (diagnostic imaging, radiotherapy, secondary)
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Leukocyte Count (radiation effects)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organometallic Compounds (therapeutic use)
  • Organophosphorus Compounds (therapeutic use)
  • Palliative Care (methods)
  • Platelet Count (radiation effects)
  • Radioisotopes (therapeutic use)
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Samarium (therapeutic use)
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome

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