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Intranasal fluticasone propionate. A reappraisal of its pharmacology and clinical efficacy in the treatment of rhinitis.

Abstract
The intranasal corticosteroid fluticasone propionate is an effective agent for the treatment of rhinitis, demonstrating potent local anti-inflammatory activity and little, if any, systemic activity. Intranasal fluticasone propionate has shown clinical efficacy similar to that of other intranasal corticosteroids, including beclomethasone (administered at up to a 2-fold higher dosage than fluticasone), budesonide, flunisolide and triamcinolone acetonide, and provides greater relief from nasal symptoms (including nasal blockage) than antihistamine agents and intranasal sodium cromoglycate. Its efficacy in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial allergic and nonallergic rhinitis has been demonstrated in large well-controlled studies in which the drug maintained adequate control of symptoms when administered in a once daily dose of 200 micrograms. In addition, fluticasone propionate has shown similar efficacy to that of beclomethasone in the treatment of nasal polyps; however, its use in the postoperative setting requires further investigation. Intranasal fluticasone propionate is well tolerated in the majority of patients, the incidence of adverse events being similar to that seen with placebo. Pharmacoeconomic analyses indicate that intranasal fluticasone propionate is significantly more cost-effective than the antihistamines terfenadine and loratadine. Overall quality of life was improved to a similar extent by fluticasone propionate and beclomethasone. In conclusion, recent clinical experience has confirmed that intranasal fluticasone propionate is a convenient, effective and well tolerated alternative to other intranasal corticosteroids and antihistamines for the treatment of rhinitis when administered once daily.
AuthorsL R Wiseman, P Benfield
JournalDrugs (Drugs) Vol. 53 Issue 5 Pg. 885-907 (May 1997) ISSN: 0012-6667 [Print] NEW ZEALAND
PMID9129872 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Androstadienes
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Fluticasone
Topics
  • Administration, Intranasal
  • Androstadienes (administration & dosage, economics, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents (administration & dosage, economics, pharmacology, therapeutic use)
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Fluticasone
  • Humans
  • Nasal Polyps (drug therapy, economics)
  • Quality of Life
  • Rhinitis (drug therapy, economics)

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