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Platelet prothrombinase activity and intracellular calcium responses in patients with storage pool deficiency, glycoprotein IIb-IIIa deficiency, or impaired platelet coagulant activity--a comparison with Scott syndrome.

Abstract
The procoagulant activity of platelets induced by collagen, thrombin, and collagen plus thrombin, measured as their capacity to promote the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin in the presence of factors Va and Xa, was studied in patients with alpha, alpha delta, and delta storage pool deficiency (SPD), thrombasthenia, and in two new patients with isolated defects in platelet coagulant activity, and compared with that in Scott syndrome. The most significant abnormality in the new patients, whose defect may differ from that in Scott syndrome, is an impairment in collagen plus thrombin-induced prothrombinase activity in the absence of added factor Va. In one of these patients this may be caused by an abnormality in platelet alpha-granule factor V distinct from that described for factor V Quebec, alpha delta-SPD, or alpha-SPD (gray platelet syndrome). Prothrombinase activity in response to all agonists was impaired in delta-SPD and was associated with an inability of these platelets to maintain elevated intracellular calcium levels. Both the rapid decline in agonist-induced [Ca2+]i levels and the impaired prothrombinase activation in delta-SPD platelets were corrected by the addition of adenosine diphosphate (ADP) after stimulation. These findings suggest that secreted ADP may play an important role in the generation of prothrombinase activity by contributing to the maintenance of a critical [Ca2+]i level necessary to maintain aminophospholipids on the outer surface of the platelet membrane, and provide evidence that dense granules may be a major source of ADP which can contribute to calcium influx in stimulated platelets. Parallel alterations, including both increases and decreases, in the [Ca2+]i and prothrombinase responses were also observed in thrombasthenia, depending on the agonist and stirring conditions. Both responses were increased in collagen-stimulated, unstirred platelets, whereas an inability to maintain increased [Ca2+]i levels, associated with decreased prothrombinase activity in all but one atypical patient, was seen in stirred collagen plus thrombin-activated platelets. Although the parallel alterations in these responses in thrombasthenia, as in SPD, further show the close association between the generation of prothrombinase activity and the maintenance of increased intracellular Ca2+ levels, the specific role that GPIIb-IIIa may play in both these events remains unresolved. Our findings of both enhancement and inhibition of these activation-related events in thrombasthenic platelets may be related to previous conflicting reports on the promotion or inhibition of fibrin formation by GPIIb-IIIa, and could be relevant to the use of specific inhibitors of GPIIb-IIIa as antithrombotic agents. In addition, the study provides further support for the concept that the development of agents that could induce a Scott syndrome defect in normal platelets may provide a new approach to antithrombotic therapy.
AuthorsH J Weiss, B Lages
JournalBlood (Blood) Vol. 89 Issue 5 Pg. 1599-611 (Mar 1 1997) ISSN: 0006-4971 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9057642 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Collagen
  • Thrombin
  • Calcium
Topics
  • Adult
  • Blood Coagulation Disorders (blood)
  • Blood Platelets (metabolism, pathology)
  • Calcium (metabolism)
  • Collagen (pharmacology)
  • Erythrocytes (metabolism)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Platelet Aggregation (drug effects)
  • Platelet Storage Pool Deficiency (blood)
  • Syndrome
  • Thrombasthenia (blood)
  • Thrombin (pharmacology)

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