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Renal pathology in WAGR syndrome.

Abstract
The Wilms' tumor-aniridia-genital anomalies-mental retardation (WAGR) syndrome is associated with an increased risk for developing Wilms' tumor. A right nephrectomy was performed following the diagnosis of Wilms' tumor in a 2-year-old girl with WAGR syndrome and chromosome 11, del 11p13. Pathologic examination revealed intralobar nephrogenic rests and a peripelvic multicystic mass, sharply delineated from the adjacent typical intralobar nephrogenic rests and renal parenchyma, which may represent a cystic Wilms' tumor (cystic partially differentiated nephroblastoma). We studied the expression of the H19 gene by in-situ hybridization performed on paraffin sections of the kidney. H19 is an imprinted maternally-expressed gene that is not translated to protein and functions as a regulatory RNA molecule. It is tightly linked with the paternally-imprinted gene of insulin-like growth factor 2. While IGF2 presumably plays a role in tumorigenesis of Wilms' tumor, H19 is not expressed in the majority of Wilms' tumors. The expression of H19 in the intralobar nephrogenic rests was found to be prominent in the component of the blastema and markedly reduced with differentiation to tubular structures similar to the fetal kidney. The differential diagnosis of hyperplastic intralobar nephrogenic rests from a small Wilms' tumor arising in intralobar nephrogenic rests is difficult. Complete understanding of the chain of molecular events occurring in the evolution of Wilms' tumors may lead to the development of tumor markers to be used on paraffin sections and so help in the differential diagnosis of hyperplasia versus malignant transformation.
AuthorsI Ariel, D Abeliovich, J Bar-ziv, A Hochberg
JournalPediatric pathology & laboratory medicine : journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology, affiliated with the International Paediatric Pathology Association (Pediatr Pathol Lab Med) 1996 Nov-Dec Vol. 16 Issue 6 Pg. 1013-21 ISSN: 1077-1042 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID9025899 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • H19 long non-coding RNA
  • Muscle Proteins
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Untranslated
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor II
Topics
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Genes, Tumor Suppressor (genetics)
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor II (biosynthesis, genetics)
  • Kidney (pathology)
  • Kidney Neoplasms (pathology)
  • Muscle Proteins (biosynthesis, genetics)
  • RNA, Long Noncoding
  • RNA, Messenger (analysis)
  • RNA, Untranslated
  • WAGR Syndrome (pathology)
  • Wilms Tumor (pathology)

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