Pulmonary hypertension caused by congestive heart failure is ameliorated by long-term application of an endothelin receptor antagonist. Increased expression of endothelin-1 messenger ribonucleic acid and endothelin-1-like immunoreactivity in the lung in congestive heart failure in rats.

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether 1) endothelin-1, a potent vasoconstrictor peptide, is involved in progression of pulmonary hypertension caused by congestive heart failure (CHF); and 2) whether long-term treatment with BQ-123, an endothelin receptor antagonist, ameliorates pulmonary hypertension caused by CHF.
Congestive heart failure accompanies pulmonary hypertension, and the severity of pulmonary hypertension is an important determinant of prognosis. Although we reported that production of endothelin-1 is increased in the failing heart in rats with CHF, it is not known whether production of endothelin-1 in the lung is altered by CHF.
Congestive heart failure was induced by coronary artery ligation in rats. Expression of preproendothelin-1 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) in the lung and kidney was determined. Endothelin-1 staining (immunoreactivity) in the lung was studied by immunohistochemical analysis. Effects of long-term BQ-123 treatment on the rats were studied.
Two weeks postoperatively, CHF accompanied by pulmonary hypertension developed in the rats (CHF rats). Expression of preproendothelin-1 mRNA in the lung was markedly higher in the CHF rats than in the sham-operated rats, whereas that in the kidney did not differ between the two groups. Endothelin-1 staining on the pulmonary vascular endothelial cells was more intense in the CHF rats. BQ-123 treatment over a 2-week period in the CHF rats greatly reduced right ventricular systolic pressure and central venous pressure, but it did not affect blood pressure or left ventricular contractility (peak positive first derivative of left ventricular pressure) in these rats.
Long-term BQ-123 treatment greatly ameliorated pulmonary hypertension in the CHF rats. The present study suggests that endothelin-1 plays an important role in the progression of pulmonary hypertension caused by CHF and that an endothelin receptor antagonist may be a new therapeutic agent for CHF-induced pulmonary hypertension.
AuthorsS Sakai, T Miyauchi, T Sakurai, I Yamaguchi, M Kobayashi, K Goto, Y Sugishita
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology (J Am Coll Cardiol) Vol. 28 Issue 6 Pg. 1580-8 (Nov 15 1996) ISSN: 0735-1097 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8917275 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelin-1
  • Endothelins
  • Peptides, Cyclic
  • Protein Precursors
  • RNA, Messenger
  • proendothelin 1
  • cyclo(Trp-Asp-Pro-Val-Leu)
  • Animals
  • Endothelin Receptor Antagonists
  • Endothelin-1 (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism, physiology)
  • Endothelins (genetics)
  • Heart Failure (complications, physiopathology)
  • Hemodynamics (drug effects)
  • Hypertension, Pulmonary (drug therapy, etiology, metabolism)
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Kidney (metabolism)
  • Lung (metabolism)
  • Peptides, Cyclic (therapeutic use)
  • Protein Precursors (genetics)
  • RNA, Messenger (genetics)
  • Rats

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