Animal models for breast cancer.

Rodent mammary tumors induced by chemical carcinogens have proven to be very useful in the genetic analysis of initiation, promotion and progression of mammary carcinogenesis. We are studying rat mammary carcinomas induced by the chemical carcinogen, N-nitroso-N-methylurea. The earliest genetic event observed in the mammary gland is the activation of Ha-ras oncogenes, which is followed by promotion of the initiated cells by hormones involved in puberty. Preferential amplification of the mutated Ha-ras allele, of PRAD-1 and IGF2, loss of expression of the mitogenic growth factor gene, MK, and mutation in the tumor suppressor gene, p53, are seen in the mammary tumors during tumor progression.
AuthorsS Sukumar, K McKenzie, Y Chen
JournalMutation research (Mutat Res) Vol. 333 Issue 1-2 Pg. 37-44 (Dec 1995) ISSN: 0027-5107 [Print] NETHERLANDS
PMID8538634 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Review)
Chemical References
  • Cyclins
  • Oncogene Proteins
  • Cyclin D1
  • Methylnitrosourea
  • Animals
  • Cyclin D1
  • Cyclins (genetics)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Gene Amplification
  • Genes, p53
  • Genes, ras
  • Mammary Neoplasms, Experimental (chemically induced, genetics)
  • Methylnitrosourea
  • Oncogene Proteins (genetics)
  • Rats

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