Molecular cloning of CDK7-associated human MAT1, a cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase (CAK) assembly factor.

Mammalian CDK7 is a protein kinase identified as the catalytic subunit of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)-activating kinase and as an essential component of the transcription factor TFIIH that is involved in transcription initiation and DNA repair. We have identified in human cells a number of CDK7-associated cellular proteins that appear to fall into two classes based on their relative [35S] metabolic labeling intensity. One class of proteins present in CDK7 immunocomplexes as a minor fraction contains components of the TFIIH transcription complex such as p62 and p89ERCC3, whereas the other fraction contains four polypeptides (p35, p37Cyclin H, p75, and p95) that are stoichiometrically associated with CDK7. Whereas the levels of association of p35, p37Cyclin H, and p75 with CDK7 remain unchanged between density-arrested and proliferating Ewing sarcoma EW-1 cells, the association of p95 with CDK7 was significantly decreased as cells reached confluency. Through a large-scale immunopurification of CDK7 complexes and protein microsequencing, we have isolated a cDNA that encodes p35 and have shown that it is the human homologue of Mat1 that is involved in the assembly of CAK. MAT1 contains a highly conserved C3HC4 motif at its NH2 terminus, a characteristic feature shared among RING finger proteins. The human MAT1 gene expresses a single 1.6-kb transcript, the steady-state level of which, like CDK7 and cyclin H, varies significantly in different cell lines and in different terminally differentiated tissues.
AuthorsA Yee, M A Nichols, L Wu, F L Hall, R Kobayashi, Y Xiong
JournalCancer research (Cancer Res) Vol. 55 Issue 24 Pg. 6058-62 (Dec 15 1995) ISSN: 0008-5472 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8521393 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • CCNH protein, human
  • Cyclin H
  • Cyclins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cyclin H
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • Cyclins (metabolism)
  • Gene Expression
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Neoplasm Proteins (genetics)
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases (genetics)
  • RNA, Messenger (genetics)
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid

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