Once daily fluticasone propionate is as effective for perennial allergic rhinitis as twice daily beclomethasone diproprionate.

Fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray, a new potent corticosteroid, is effective when given once or twice daily for seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Fluticasone propionate was compared with beclomethasone dipropionate in a multicenter double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study in 466 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis. Adults and adolescents (aged 12 to 71 years) with moderate to severe symptoms, nasal eosinophilia, and a positive skin test reaction (> or = 2+) to a perennial allergen received fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray 100 micrograms twice daily or 200 micrograms once daily, or beclomethasone dipropionate aqueous nasal spray 168 micrograms twice daily, or placebo for 6 months.
Clinician- and patient-rated scores for nasal obstruction (including obstruction on awakening), rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nasal itching were reduced by the first visit at 7 days after initiation of active treatment and remained lower than those of patients receiving placebo throughout the 6-month treatment period. Nasal eosinophilia was reduced in significantly more patients receiving active treatment. The incidence of adverse events was similar in all four treatment groups except for blood in nasal mucus, which was reported by significantly more patients in the two twice-daily active treatment groups compared with the placebo group. There was no evidence of systemic effects of fluticasone propionate. There were no significant differences between fluticasone propionate given once or twice daily or beclomethasone dipropionate given twice daily for any efficacy or safety evaluation.
Fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray given once daily in the morning is safe and effective therapy for perennial allergic rhinitis and is as effective as twice daily dosing with fluticasone propionate or beclomethasone dipropionate.
AuthorsA van As, E A Bronsky, R J Dockhorn, J Grossman, W Lumry, E O Meltzer, J M Seltzer, P R Rogenes
JournalThe Journal of allergy and clinical immunology (J Allergy Clin Immunol) Vol. 91 Issue 6 Pg. 1146-54 (Jun 1993) ISSN: 0091-6749 [Print] United States
PMID8509578 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Journal Article, Multicenter Study, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Androstadienes
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Fluticasone
  • Beclomethasone
  • Administration, Topical
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Androstadienes (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Beclomethasone (administration & dosage, adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Child
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Fluticasone
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial (drug therapy)

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