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Role of melanin as a scavenger of active oxygen species.

Abstract
The protective role of melanin, either synthetic or derived from a metastatic lung melanoma nodule, was studied in terms of its ability to interact with active oxygen species (O2., H2O2, RO., ROO., etc.). Both melanins showed the ability to react with O2.. The superoxide dismutase-like activity corresponds to 21 and 10 U/mg for synthetic and tumor melanin, respectively. The latter value accounts for about 8% of the superoxide dismutase activity of cultured melanoma cells. Neither type of melanin showed catalase-like or glutathione peroxidase-like activity. Both types of melanin reacted with RO. and ROO. radicals as determined by inhibition of the lipid peroxidation reaction of rat liver homogenates. The spontaneous lipid peroxidation of rat liver homogenate was inhibited up to 90% and 80% by synthetic and tumor melanin with half-maximal effects at 2.5 and 5.5 micrograms melanin/ml, respectively. The 2,2-azo-bis-(2 amidino propane) (AAPH)-initiated lipid peroxidation of rat liver homogenate was inhibited up to 30% and 20% by synthetic and tumor melanin, with half maximal effect at 120 and 500 micrograms melanin/ml, respectively. Both types of melanin were able to protect the in vitro inactivation of glucose oxidase, which occurs in the presence of AAPH-generated radicals.
AuthorsJ Bustamante, L Bredeston, G Malanga, J Mordoh
JournalPigment cell research / sponsored by the European Society for Pigment Cell Research and the International Pigment Cell Society (Pigment Cell Res) Vol. 6 Issue 5 Pg. 348-53 (Oct 1993) ISSN: 0893-5785 [Print] DENMARK
PMID8302773 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Amidines
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Melanins
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane)
  • Glucose Oxidase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
Topics
  • Amidines (analysis, metabolism)
  • Animals
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Glucose Oxidase (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Lipid Peroxidation
  • Melanins (physiology)
  • Melanoma (chemistry, metabolism, pathology)
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Superoxide Dismutase (analysis, physiology)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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