Modulation of cyclic guanosine monophosphate production during Escherichia coli septic shock.

Endotoxin and other bacterial products induce the release of mediators which alter the circulation and cellular metabolism. Recent evidence suggests nitric oxide (NO) is one such mediator. The proposed mechanism by which NO produces hypotension is the activation of guanylate cyclase with subsequent biosynthesis of 3':5' cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP). We studied the production of cGMP during Escherichia coli-induced septic shock in two experiments; the first with sepsis alone and the second using NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA), a competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. Animals in both experiments experienced significant bacteremia (P < 0.05), endotoxemia (P < 0.05), and lactic acidosis (P < 0.03). Mean arterial blood pressure decreased (P < 0.03) and heart rate increased (P < 0.05) within both groups but did not differ between groups. A significant increase in the production of circulating whole blood cGMP occurred at 3-5 h (P < 0.03). There was significantly less cGMP produced by the L-NMMA-treated animals (P < 0.01). These results demonstrate an elevation in cGMP during septic shock which is attenuated by the addition of L-NMMA. This suggests that NO may be present during gram-negative septic shock and its effects mediated through cGMP.
AuthorsR B Rosenberg, C W Broner, M S O'Dorisio
JournalBiochemical medicine and metabolic biology (Biochem Med Metab Biol) Vol. 51 Issue 2 Pg. 149-55 (Apr 1994) ISSN: 0885-4505 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8043298 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Lactates
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • omega-N-Methylarginine
  • Nitric Oxide
  • Lactic Acid
  • Arginine
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Animals
  • Arginine (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Bacteremia (metabolism)
  • Carbon Dioxide (blood)
  • Cyclic GMP (biosynthesis)
  • Escherichia coli Infections (metabolism)
  • Lactates (blood)
  • Lactic Acid
  • Male
  • Nitric Oxide (physiology)
  • Rabbits
  • Shock, Septic (metabolism)
  • omega-N-Methylarginine

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