Cardiac damage induced by 2-amino-3-methyl-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline in nonhuman primates.

The heterocyclic aromatic amine 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) is a potent hepatocarcinogen in cynomolgus and rhesus monkeys. The finding of high cardiac IQ-DNA adduct levels prompted a histopathological study of perfusion-fixed hearts from 10 tumor-bearing monkeys chronically dosed with IQ at 10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg 5 days per week for 48-80 months. Two monkeys dosed only with the vehicle for IQ, hydroxypropylcellulose, served as controls. All the monkeys had normal heart weights, and no abnormalities were observed upon gross inspection of the hearts. Microscopically, focal myocardial lesions were observed in 8 of 10 monkeys dosed with IQ. Light microscopic abnormalities included myocyte necrosis with or without chronic inflammatory infiltrates, interstitial fibrosis with myocyte hypertrophy or atrophy, and vasculitis. Electron microscopic findings included disruption of the mitochondrial architecture (i.e., mitochondrial swelling and clearing of matrix densities), myofibrillar loss, disorganization of the normal alignment of sarcomeres, and occasional myocytes showing nuclear hypertrophy or peripheral clumping of the nuclear chromatin. There was some correlation between the cumulative dose of IQ and the extent of the myocardial abnormalities. These findings suggest that chronic exposure to IQ can lead to myocardial damage in monkeys. Although focal and not associated with clinical evidence of heart failure, these abnormalities may represent the initial stages of IQ-induced toxic cardiomyopathy.
AuthorsU P Thorgeirsson, A Farb, R Virmani, R H Adamson
JournalEnvironmental health perspectives (Environ Health Perspect) Vol. 102 Issue 2 Pg. 194-9 (Feb 1994) ISSN: 0091-6765 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID8033851 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Carcinogens
  • Quinolines
  • 2-amino-3-methylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoline
  • Animals
  • Carcinogens (toxicity)
  • Cardiomegaly (chemically induced)
  • Female
  • Fibrosis
  • Heart Diseases (chemically induced, pathology)
  • Macaca fascicularis
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Myocardium (pathology)
  • Necrosis
  • Organ Size (drug effects)
  • Quinolines (toxicity)

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