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Meta-analysis in the evaluation of treatment for streptococcal pharyngitis: a review.

Abstract
Penicillin has been first-line therapy for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis for more than 40 years. Since the 1980s, there have been a number of reports suggesting that bacteriologic failure rates with penicillin may be rising. A number of alternative therapies have been proposed, including oral cephalosporins. To evaluate the efficacy of these agents, two meta-analyses have recently been performed. In the meta-analysis performed by Pichichero and Margolis, oral cephalosporins were reported to achieve a significantly greater bacteriologic cure rate than penicillin (92% with cephalosporins vs 84% with penicillin, P < 0.0001) when results from 19 studies were analyzed. A separate meta-analysis performed by Deeter et al reported that the oral cephalosporin cefadroxil monohydrate achieved significantly greater bacteriologic cure rates (94.8% cefadroxil vs 87.5% penicillin, P < 0.05) than oral penicillin when 9 trials in 1406 patients with streptococcal pharyngitis were analyzed. A review of 65 studies of the use of penicillin for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis has shown that bacteriologic failure rates in the period 1980 to 1993 were approximately 12% to 13%, slightly but not significantly greater than during the period 1953 through 1979. Oral cephalosporins such as cefadroxil monohydrate provide reasonable alternatives for the treatment of streptococcal pharyngitis.
AuthorsJ L Blumer, J Goldfarb
JournalClinical therapeutics (Clin Ther) 1994 Jul-Aug Vol. 16 Issue 4 Pg. 604-20; discussion 603 ISSN: 0149-2918 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID7982249 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Review)
Chemical References
  • Cephalosporins
  • Penicillins
Topics
  • Administration, Oral
  • Cephalosporins (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Humans
  • Meta-Analysis as Topic
  • Penicillins (administration & dosage, therapeutic use)
  • Pharyngitis (drug therapy, microbiology)
  • Streptococcal Infections (drug therapy)

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