Anti-prostaglandin and anti-inflammatory short-term efficacy of piroxicam in rheumatoid arthritis.

The efficacy of anti-inflammatory agents is related to their concentration in the peripheral compartments. In rheumatoid arthritis a drug's affinity for synovial tissue and synovial fluid is a decisive factor in treatment. The short-term efficacy of piroxicam was studied, relating the synovial concentration of prostaglandins and acid phosphatase and LDH to piroxicam synovial and plasma levels. After withdrawal of synovial fluid for pre-treatment measurements, 10 patients received 20 to 30 mg of piroxicam/day for eight days. The drug reached an average level of 3.56 +/- 0.9 micrograms/ml in synovial fluid, and 7.73 +/- 1.6 micrograms/ml in plasma. The acid phosphatase decreased from an initial average level of 29 mu/ml to a final average level of 15.999 mu/ml. The LDH showed an initial average level of 725.3 mu/ml and a final average of 471.2 mu/ml (p less than 0.01). The prostaglandin levels were quantified by two methods: indirectly, by measuring the malonilaldehyde concentration in nMol/ml, which showed an average level decrease of 48.75% in 100% of the cases; and directly, by means of thin layer chromatography and biological assay on rats' gastric fundus, against controls. The disappearance of PGE1 and a significant decrease in PGF2 alpha (100%) were observed. We conclude that piroxicam is an effective drug for the short-term treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It penetrates rheumatoid synovial fluid, reaching 50% plasma concentrations. It has an anti-prostaglandin action, and could stabilize lysosomal membrane.
AuthorsA Strusberg, H Montrull, C I Meirovich
JournalEuropean journal of rheumatology and inflammation (Eur J Rheumatol Inflamm) Vol. 6 Issue 1 Pg. 41-5 ( 1983) ISSN: 0140-1610 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID6574910 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Prostaglandin Antagonists
  • Prostaglandins E
  • Prostaglandins F
  • Thiazines
  • Piroxicam
  • Dinoprost
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Acid Phosphatase
  • Alprostadil
  • Acid Phosphatase (metabolism)
  • Adult
  • Alprostadil
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents (therapeutic use)
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid (drug therapy)
  • Dinoprost
  • Humans
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase (metabolism)
  • Middle Aged
  • Piroxicam
  • Prostaglandin Antagonists (therapeutic use)
  • Prostaglandins E (metabolism)
  • Prostaglandins F (metabolism)
  • Synovial Fluid (cytology, metabolism)
  • Thiazines (blood, therapeutic use)

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