Genetics of the mammalian phenylalanine hydroxylase system. II. Immunological and two-dimensional gel electrophoretic studies of phenylalanine hydroxylase in cultured normal and mutant rat hepatoma cells.

We have examined 11 previously described cultured rat hepatoma mutants with absent or reduced phenylalanine hydroxylase activity (Choo and Cotton, 1977). Immunological and electrophoretic methods failed to detect any structurally altered protein in these mutants. In nine independently isolated revertants from four different mutants, wild-type protein was regained (or accentuated). This evidence suggests that the mutation involved in these mutants is most likely to be regulatory in nature. These studies have provided three reasons for believing that in cultured rat hepatoma cells one gene codes for a single polypeptide chain, a number of which combine to form the active phenylalanine hydroxylase multimer: (1) Analysis of the purified protein by two-dimensional electrophoresis revealed only a single polypeptide chain. (2) This polypeptide was diminished or undetectable in crude extracts of 11 independently isolated mutants with absent of reduced activity. (3) In none of these 11 mutants was the polypeptide we have designated to be phenylalanine hydroxylase present at normal levels, as would be expected if the mutation were at another locus responsible for a possible second subunit.
AuthorsK H Choo, R G Cotton
JournalBiochemical genetics (Biochem Genet) Vol. 17 Issue 9-10 Pg. 921-46 (Oct 1979) ISSN: 0006-2928 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID540024 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Phenylalanine Hydroxylase
  • Animals
  • Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel
  • Genes
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental (genetics)
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Phenylalanine Hydroxylase (analysis, genetics)
  • Rats

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