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Effect of a synthetic dressing formed on a burn wound in rats: a comparison of allografts, collagen sheets, and polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate in the control of wound infection.

Abstract
Allograft dressings to control Pseudomonas wound infections in rats were studied on surgical wounds and escharectomized burn wounds. The effects of allografts were compared with a collagen sheet (Aviderm) and a synthetic dressing, polyhydroxyethylmethacrylate (Hydron), formed on the wound by mixing the polymer and the solvent. The results indicated that infections in surgical wounds were more easily controlled by dressings than similar contaminations in burn wounds. A procedure was described for the formation of a synthetic dressing directly on the wound from a mixture of polymer and solvent. This type of preparation completely filled the wound area and sealed the edges, preventing further contamination, and gave excellent coverage of the wound. With 24 h of coverage of escharectomized burn wounds, allografts provided the best dressing for reduction of wound organisms. At 96 h of coverage, Hydron and Aviderm produce significant reductions in the Pseudomonas resident in the burn wound. The results support the thesis that suitable dressings promote local host defense processes which kill the contaminating bacteria.
AuthorsP Nathan, B G Macmillan, I A Holder
JournalApplied microbiology (Appl Microbiol) Vol. 28 Issue 3 Pg. 465-8 (Sep 1974) ISSN: 0003-6919 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID4213719 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Acrylates
  • Collagen
Topics
  • Acrylates
  • Animals
  • Bandages
  • Burns (microbiology, surgery, therapy)
  • Cattle
  • Collagen
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Muscles (microbiology)
  • Pseudomonas Infections (microbiology, prevention & control)
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa (isolation & purification)
  • Rats
  • Skin Transplantation
  • Surgical Wound Infection (prevention & control)
  • Transplantation, Homologous
  • Wound Infection (prevention & control)

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