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Pharmacokinetics of penbutolol and its metabolites in renal insufficiency.

Abstract
The pharmacokinetics of penbutolol, its 4-hydroxylated metabolite and of their conjugates was studied in hypertensive patients with various degrees of renal impairment. A single oral dose of penbutolol 40 mg, was rapidly absorbed after a lag-time of 0.34 h. Its plasma concentration reached a maximum after 0.84 h and then declined bi-exponentially, with an apparent elimination half-life of 21.8 h. The hydroxylation of penbutolol was negligible and conjugation was of major importance for its elimination. Consequently, the kinetics of unchanged penbutolol were not altered by renal impairment. The 48 h-urinary excretion of penbutolol and its metabolites reached 13-14% of the administered dose, which is consistent with extensive metabolism of the drug. After treatment for 30 days with penbutolol 40 mg/d there was no accumulation of the parent drug but the concentration of its conjugates was increased. It is concluded that the dose of penbutolol need not be changed in patients with mild renal insufficiency, 4-hydroxypenbutolol is unlikely to participate in the anti-hypertensive effect of the drug, due to its low concentrations, and biotransformation of penbutolol may be enhanced during chronic treatment.
AuthorsN Bernard, G Cuisinaud, N Pozet, P Y Zech, J Sassard
JournalEuropean journal of clinical pharmacology (Eur J Clin Pharmacol) Vol. 29 Issue 2 Pg. 215-9 ( 1985) ISSN: 0031-6970 [Print] GERMANY, WEST
PMID4076321 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Glucuronates
  • Propanolamines
  • Penbutolol
  • 4-hydroxypenbutolol
Topics
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Glucuronates (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Hypertension (metabolism)
  • Kidney Diseases (blood, metabolism)
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Penbutolol (analogs & derivatives, blood, metabolism)
  • Propanolamines (metabolism)

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