Discharge of Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients on Sub-Optimal Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy: A Single Center Experience.

To identify and quantify the reasons why acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing stenting at the University of New Mexico Hospital (UNMH) were prescribed sub-optimal dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) at discharge, and to identify practice patterns that could potentially lead to improved DAPT treatment for these patients.
We reviewed electronic medical records and cardiac catheterization records of 326 patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at UNMH between January 1, 2021, and June 30, 2022 and identified 229 ACS patients who survived until discharge. Demographic and clinical characteristics relevant to P2Y12 inhibitor selection were obtained from a review of medical records. Pharmacists' notes documenting their efforts to secure appropriate insurance coverage and reasons for discharging patients on clopidogrel rather than ticagrelor/prasugrel were reviewed. Patients discharged on aspirin and clopidogrel underwent review of medical records and cardiac catheterization lab records to determine if the discharge P2Y12 drug was appropriate. Reasons for inappropriate discharge on clopidogrel were categorized as cost/insurance, patient preference, concern for daily adherence to a twice-daily medication, and maintenance of pre-hospital clopidogrel therapy rather than switch to ticagrelor after PCI.
The 229 ACS patients included 87 (38.0%) appropriately discharged on ticagrelor/prasugrel, 63 (27.5%) appropriately discharged on clopidogrel, 75 (32.8%) discharged on sub-optimal clopidogrel, and 4 (1.7%) not discharged on a P2Y12 inhibitor. For patients inappropriately discharged on clopidogrel (n = 75), the most common reasons were cost or lack of insurance (n = 56) and clinical inertia (taking clopidogrel before PCI and maintained on it afterward) (n = 17). Sub-optimal P2Y12 therapy at discharge was significantly associated with lack of insurance (odds ratio 21.5, 95% confidence interval 5.33-156,p < 0.001) but not with ethnicity, age, sex, or diabetes.
At the University of New Mexico, a safety-net hospital, increasing financially restricted access to ticagrelor/prasugrel could help up to 24.5% of ACS patients reduce their risk of ischemic events. For patients admitted on clopidogrel DAPT, escalating to ticagrelor/prasugrel could reduce ischemic risk in 7.4%. Expanding and improving healthcare insurance coverage might reduce the frequency of discharge on sub-optimal P2Y12 therapy.
AuthorsJeffrey B Booker, Alexander J Nihart, Matthew J Campen, Eduardo Medrano-Rodriguez, James C Blankenship
JournalCardiovascular drugs and therapy (Cardiovasc Drugs Ther) (May 10 2024) ISSN: 1573-7241 [Electronic] United States
PMID38727897 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Copyright© 2024. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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