Changes in composition of whole saliva in patients with fissured tongue.

Both resting and paraffin-stimulated whole saliva were studied in 25 patients with fissured tongue and in their age and sex-matched healthy controls. The groups did not differ in dental or periodontal health. No significant differences were found between the groups in the salivary secretion rate, pH and buffer capacity, or in the frequency of lactobacilli and yeasts in saliva samples and scrapings from tongue surface. In patients with fissured tongue, unstimulated whole saliva displayed significantly elevated levels of sodium, lysozyme, myeloperoxidase and all immunoglobulins (isotypes A, G and M) when compared with the controls. These changes most likely reflect the inflammation frequently seen in the biopsies of fissured tongue. No differences between the groups existed in the amounts of salivary potassium, calcium, inorganic phosphate, amylase and total protein. Our study shows that in patients with fissured tongue the salivary secretion and composition are normal. However, components from plasma and inflammatory cells are diagnostically elevated in the whole saliva samples of patients with fissured tongue when compared with the healthy controls.
AuthorsA Kullaa-Mikkonen, J Tenovuo, T Sorvari
JournalScandinavian journal of dental research (Scand J Dent Res) Vol. 93 Issue 6 Pg. 522-8 (Dec 1985) ISSN: 0029-845X [Print] DENMARK
PMID3868014 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Immunoglobulin A, Secretory
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides
  • Adult
  • Bacteria (isolation & purification)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin A, Secretory (analysis)
  • Immunoglobulin G (analysis)
  • Immunoglobulin M (analysis)
  • Male
  • Saliva (analysis, immunology, microbiology)
  • Salivary Proteins and Peptides (analysis)
  • Tongue, Fissured (immunology, metabolism, microbiology)

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