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Evidence of lack of abuse or dependence following pemoline treatment: results of a retrospective survey.

Abstract
Pemoline is recognized as an efficacious and safe therapeutic agent for children suffering from Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD). A review of adverse experience reports submitted to the manufacturer suggests that Cylert (brand of pemoline) has a limited potential for abuse or dependence. Drug dependence studies in animals have demonstrated that pemoline is not self-administered in naive nor cocaine-dependent animals. Human experience indicates that, despite the fact that the drug has been available in the U.S. since 1975, use is limited and is increasing slowly. A review of the literature revealed no published case reports of euphoria, abuse, dependence or withdrawal. While there have been a few reports of tolerance, it is possible that these were a reflection of inadequate dosing rather than actual tolerance to the drug's therapeutic effects. During the 10 years that Cylert has been available in the United States, there have been only four reports of withdrawal reactions and no reported cases of dependence. Reports of intentional overdose of Cylert are minimal, with no reports involving abuse via the intravenous route.
AuthorsD H Langer, K P Sweeney, D E Bartenbach, P M Davis, K B Menander
JournalDrug and alcohol dependence (Drug Alcohol Depend) Vol. 17 Issue 2-3 Pg. 213-27 (Jun 1986) ISSN: 0376-8716 [Print] SWITZERLAND
PMID3743405 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Pemoline
Topics
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity (drug therapy)
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders (chemically induced)
  • Child, Preschool
  • Drug Tolerance
  • Humans
  • Movement Disorders (chemically induced)
  • Pemoline (adverse effects, therapeutic use)
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Substance-Related Disorders (epidemiology)

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