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Study of human chromosome V. The effects of thymidine concentration and timing on the expression of uridine-induced constitutive fragile sites.

Abstract
The induction of fragile sites on human chromosomes has been demonstrated under various conditions that cause thymidylate stress, including exposure to uridine. In this study, we examined common fragile site expression by initially exposing peripheral lymphocytes to uridine, followed by repair of the fragile sites with media containing various concentrations of thymidine. Lymphocytes were cultured in medium 199 with 2 mM uridine. At 0.5, 1, 2, 3, 8, 10, 12, and 18 h before harvest, the uridine medium was removed and replaced by medium containing thymidine at various concentrations. Our results demonstrate that the effect of uridine on chromosome fragility can be reversed by low concentrations of thymidine (2 microM up to 200 microM) and the "rescuing" effect of thymidine can be achieved if the cells were treated prior to 2-3 h before harvest. No repair was found if thymidine was added to culture within 2 h prior to harvesting, suggesting that packing of chromosomes is also an important factor in the expression and repair of fragile sites.
AuthorsS J Lin, C Figueiredo, L J Sciorra, M L Lee
JournalHuman genetics (Hum Genet) Vol. 76 Issue 2 Pg. 173-5 (Jun 1987) ISSN: 0340-6717 [Print] GERMANY, WEST
PMID3610147 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Thymidine
  • Uridine
Topics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chromosome Fragile Sites
  • Chromosome Fragility
  • DNA Repair
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes (ultrastructure)
  • Thymidine (pharmacology)
  • Uridine (pharmacology)

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