Immature dense granules in platelets from mice with platelet storage pool disease.

Mepacrine uptake into platelets and bone marrow megakaryocytes was analyzed to further characterize the dense granule defects in a group of seven mouse pigment mutants that have characteristics of platelet storage pool disease (SPD). In contrast to our previous studies using electron microscopy, this method revealed that all mutants had normal numbers of dense granules. However, total mepacrine uptake in all mutant platelets was significantly diminished to less than 50% of normal uptake. Also, the flashing phenomenon observed when normal dense granules are irradiated with ultraviolet light was either greatly diminished or absent when platelets of individual mutants were similarly irradiated. Therefore the principal defect in the mutant platelets is an inability to accumulate dense granule contents rather than an absence of the granules. Mepacrine uptake into megakaryocytes was indistinguishable in normal and mutant mice. This indicates the mutant dense granule defects appear either very late in megakaryocyte development or early in platelet formation in correlation with development of the mature dense granule. By standard transmission electron microscopy we have not been able to detect gross structural or subcellular abnormalities in either platelets or megakaryocytes of mutant mice. It appears all seven mutants produce immature or functionally abnormal dense granules.
AuthorsM Reddington, E K Novak, E Hurley, C Medda, M P McGarry, R T Swank
JournalBlood (Blood) Vol. 69 Issue 5 Pg. 1300-6 (May 1987) ISSN: 0006-4971 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID3567357 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Quinacrine
  • Animals
  • Blood Platelet Disorders (blood)
  • Blood Platelets (metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • Cytoplasmic Granules (classification, metabolism)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Male
  • Megakaryocytes (metabolism, ultrastructure)
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Quinacrine (metabolism)
  • Syndrome

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