RHAMMB-mediated bifunctional nanotherapy targeting Bcl-xL and mitochondria for pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor treatment.

The incidence of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (PNET) has continued to rise. Due to their indolent feature, PNET patients often present with incurable, metastatic diseases. Novel therapies are urgently needed. We have previously shown that Receptor for Hyaluronic Acid-Mediated Motility isoform B (RHAMMB) and Bcl-xL are upregulated in PNETs and both of them promote PNET metastasis. Because RHAMM protein is undetectable in most adult tissues, we hypothesized that RHAMMB could be a gateway for nanomedicine delivery into PNETs. To test this, we developed a RHAMMB-targeting nanoparticle (NP). Inside this NP, we assembled small interfering RNA (siRNA) against Bcl-xL (siBcl-xL) and mitochondria-fusing peptide KLA. We demonstrated that RHAMMB-positive PNETs picked up the RHAMMB-targeting NPs. siBcl-xL or KLA alone killed only 30% of PNET cells. In contrast, a synergistic killing effect was achieved with the co-delivery of siBcl-xL and KLA peptide in vitro. Unexpectedly, siBcl-xL induced cell death before reducing Bcl-xL protein levels. The systemically injected RHAMMB-targeting NPs carrying siBcl-xL and KLA peptide significantly reduced tumor burden in mice bearing RHAMMB-positive PNETs. Together, these findings indicate that the RHAMMB-targeting nanotherapy serves as a promising drug delivery system for PNET and possibly other malignancies with upregulated RHAMMB. The combination of siBcl-xL and KLA peptide can be a therapy for PNET treatment.
AuthorsXiang Chen, Seung Koo Lee, Mei Song, Tiantian Zhang, Myung Shin Han, Yao-Tseng Chen, Zhengming Chen, Xiaojing Ma, Ching-Hsuan Tung, Yi-Chieh Nancy Du
JournalMolecular therapy oncolytics (Mol Ther Oncolytics) Vol. 23 Pg. 277-287 (Dec 17 2021) ISSN: 2372-7705 [Print] United States
PMID34761107 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Copyright© 2021 The Author(s).

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