Downregulation of Diacylglycerol kinase zeta (DGKZ) suppresses tumorigenesis and progression of cervical cancer by facilitating cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

Diacylglycerol kinase zeta (DGKZ) participates in cancer progression. Here, the current work aims to identify the functional role of DGKZ in cervical cancer (CC). DGKZ expression in cervical cancer tissues and paired adjacent normal cervical tissues was assessed using Immunohistochemistry assay. SiHa and HeLa cells were transfected with lentivirus plasmids (sh-DGKZ or sh-NC) to evaluate the effects of DGKZ knockdown on cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution in vitro. Furthermore, BALB/c nude mice were injected subcutaneously with Lentivirus-sh-DGKZ-SiHa cells or Lentivirus-sh-NC-SiHa cells to analyze the influence of DGKZ silencing on tumor growth of CC in vivo. Moreover, the potential molecular mechanisms were predicted by GO and KEGG analysis and preliminarily explored through PathScan Analysis. Elevated DGKZ expression in cervical tumor was observed. Downregulation of DGKZ repressed proliferation and boosted apoptosis of SiHa and HeLa cells and induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase. In addition, Knockdown of DGKZ restrained tumor growth in tumor xenograft mice. Importantly, GO and KEGG analysis displayed that differentially expressed proteins induced by silence of DGKZ were mostly enriched in autophagy or mitophagy, indicating that the functions of DGKZ on cell proliferation and tumor growth may be associated with autophagy or mitophagy. PathScan analysis presented that PI3K-AKT and TAK1-NF-κB signaling pathways were prominently inhibited in SiHa cells transfected with sh-DGKZ. In summary, downregulation of DGKZ impeded cell proliferation, boosted cell apoptosis and induced cell cycle arrest to suppress tumorigenesis and progression of cervical cancer.
AuthorsKeying Liu, Biyun Xue, Guiqin Bai, Wentao Zhang
JournalBioengineered (Bioengineered) Vol. 12 Issue 1 Pg. 1517-1529 (12 2021) ISSN: 2165-5987 [Electronic] United States
PMID33926342 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • DGKZ protein, human
  • Diacylglycerol Kinase
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis (genetics)
  • Carcinogenesis (genetics)
  • Cell Cycle Checkpoints (genetics)
  • Diacylglycerol Kinase (genetics, metabolism)
  • Down-Regulation (genetics)
  • Female
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms (genetics, metabolism, pathology)

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