Enhancement in the aerobic toxicity of misonidazole and SR-2508 by buthionine sulfoximine and 4-hydroxypyrazole: the role of hydrogen peroxide.

Chronic aerobic exposure of A549 human lung carcinoma cell cultures to 0.1 mM L-buthionine-S,R-sulfoximine and 1 mM misonidazole, or 1 mM SR-2508 results in inhibition of cell growth and decreased clonogenic survival. These patterns are not apparent with the individual drug treatments. Both parameters demonstrate maximum toxicity after 72 hr in culture, which parallels the time required to deplete A549 cells of glutathione with 0.1 mM L-BSO under these growth conditions. Toxicity appears to be related to hydrogen peroxide-produced during 1 electron reduction of the nitro compounds in the presence of oxygen. A549 cells have a lowered capacity to reduce peroxide due to the effect of thiol depletion on the enzymes GSH-peroxidase and GSH-S-transferase, which require the tripeptide as a substrate. The addition of catalase, another important enzyme involved in peroxide reduction, partially reverses the observed toxicity. 4-Hydroxypyrazole, which inhibits endogenous catalase activity, causes an increase in the observed cytotoxicity. Similar effects of L-BSO and 4-hydroxypyrazole are seen for toxicity due to hydrogen peroxide being added directly to cell cultures.
AuthorsS W Tuttle, J E Biaglow, M E Varnes, L L Donahue, E P Clark, E R Epp
JournalInternational journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics (Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys) Vol. 12 Issue 7 Pg. 1161-4 (Jul 1986) ISSN: 0360-3016 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2943713 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Nitroimidazoles
  • Pyrazoles
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
  • Methionine Sulfoximine
  • Etanidazole
  • 4-hydroxypyrazole
  • Buthionine Sulfoximine
  • Misonidazole
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Glutathione
  • Oxygen
  • Buthionine Sulfoximine
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival (drug effects)
  • Etanidazole
  • Glutathione (metabolism)
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen Peroxide (biosynthesis)
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Methionine Sulfoximine (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Misonidazole (toxicity)
  • Nitroimidazoles (toxicity)
  • Oxygen (physiology)
  • Pyrazoles (pharmacology)
  • Radiation-Sensitizing Agents (toxicity)

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