Inhibition of host cell RNA polymerase III-mediated transcription by poliovirus: inactivation of specific transcription factors.

The inhibition of transcription by RNA polymerase III in poliovirus-infected cells was studied. Experiments utilizing two different cell lines showed that the initiation step of transcription by RNA polymerase III was impaired by infection of these cells with the virus. The observed inhibition of transcription was not due to shut-off of host cell protein synthesis by poliovirus. Among four distinct components required for accurate transcription in vitro from cloned DNA templates, activities of RNA polymerase III and transcription factor TFIIIA were not significantly affected by virus infection. The activity of transcription factor TFIIIC, the limiting component required for transcription of RNA polymerase III genes, was severely inhibited in infected cells, whereas that of transcription factor TFIIIB was inhibited to a lesser extent. The sequence-specific DNA-binding of TFIIIC to the adenovirus VA1 gene internal promoter, however, was not altered by infection of cells with the virus. We conclude that (i) at least two transcription factors, TFIIIB and TFIIIC, are inhibited by infection of cells with poliovirus, (ii) inactivation of TFIIIC does not involve destruction of its DNA-binding domain, and (iii) sequence-specific DNA binding by TFIIIC may be necessary but is not sufficient for the formation of productive transcription complexes.
AuthorsL G Fradkin, S K Yoshinaga, A J Berk, A Dasgupta
JournalMolecular and cellular biology (Mol Cell Biol) Vol. 7 Issue 11 Pg. 3880-7 (Nov 1987) ISSN: 0270-7306 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2828918 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Transcription Factors
  • RNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases
  • Deoxyribonuclease I
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Transformation, Viral
  • DNA-Directed RNA Polymerases (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Deoxyribonuclease I
  • HeLa Cells (enzymology)
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Poliovirus (genetics)
  • Protein Biosynthesis
  • RNA Polymerase III (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Transcription Factors (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Transcription, Genetic

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