Effects of Pasteurella haemolytica leukotoxin on cultured bovine lymphoma cells.

Leukotoxin activity from culture supernatants of Pasteurella haemolytica serotype 1 in logarithmic growth phase caused rapid (less than 5 min) release of intracellular K+, uptake of extracellular Ca2+, and swelling of cultured bovine lymphoma cells (BL3 cells). Release of 51CrO4(2-) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from BL3 cells began after 15 minutes of incubation with leukotoxin at 37 C and was completed between 60 and 120 minutes of incubation. In addition, leukotoxin exposure of BL3 cells resulted in cell aggregation and adherence to glass surfaces. Scanning electron microscopy indicated that after 10 minutes of leukotoxin exposure, BL3 cells increased in size, and large membrane defects developed between 20 and 60 minutes of exposure. The rate of release of LDH from leukotoxin-exposed BL3 cells was proportional to the amount of leukotoxin added. At high cell concentrations, the activity of LDH released at completion was directly proportional to the amount of leukotoxin added. Leukotoxin-induced release of LDH required a divalent cation, whereas K+ release and cell swelling did not. The addition of Ca2+, Mn2+, and Ba2+ resulted in increased leukotoxin-induced release of LDH. Divalent cation concentrations of 0.5 to 2.5 mM resulted in 50% of maximal stimulation. Ethylene glycol-bis(beta-aminoethyl ether) N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid blocked increased release of LDH caused by Ca2+ addition, but had no effect on K+ release or cell swelling. Leukotoxin action on BL3 cells (K+ release, cell swelling, Ca2+ uptake, and release of LDH) was prevented by incubation at 4 C.
AuthorsK D Clinkenbeard, D A Mosier, A L Timko, A W Confer
JournalAmerican journal of veterinary research (Am J Vet Res) Vol. 50 Issue 2 Pg. 271-5 (Feb 1989) ISSN: 0002-9645 [Print] UNITED STATES
PMID2719393 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Bacterial Toxins
  • Exotoxins
  • leukotoxin
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Animals
  • Bacterial Toxins (toxicity)
  • Calcium (metabolism)
  • Cattle
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Aggregation
  • Cell Survival
  • Exotoxins (toxicity)
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase (metabolism)
  • Lymphoma (metabolism, pathology)
  • Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
  • Pasteurella
  • Potassium (metabolism)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

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