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A low ratio of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppresses matrix metalloproteinase 13 expression and reduces adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats.

Abstract
Increased expression of matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13) in chondrocytes contributes to the development of osteoarthritis. The hypothesis of this study was that diet with a low ratio of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is associated with reduced MMP13 expression in inflammatory chondrocytes in vitro and in vivo. Human chondrocytes were cultured with different ratios of linoleic acid (LA, n-6 PUFA) to α-linolenic acid (n-3 PUFA) from 1:1 to 10:1. Proliferation of chondrocytes, MMP13 protein and mRNA levels were detected, respectively. Sprague-Dawley rats (n=30) were fed diets containing different ratios of n-6/n-3 PUFA. Freund's complete adjuvant was injected to make the model of arthritis. Paw swelling rate was measured and all rats were euthanized after 6 weeks of treatment. Serum MMP13 and IL-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Joint histological sections were stained with safranin-O Fast Green to evaluate cartilage damage. Low ratio of LA/α-linolenic acid decreased the mRNA and protein levels of MMP13 but did not affect chondrocytes proliferation. Ratios of PUFA such as 1:1 and 2:1 significantly reduced paw swelling rate, and serum MMP13 and IL-1 levels in a rat model. Histological staining showed that ratios of 1:1 and 2:1 PUFA significantly alleviated cartilage damage in adjuvant-induced arthritis. A ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA of 1:1 showed the strongest inhibitory effect on MMP13. Our results indicate that a low ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFA at 1:1 significantly suppressed MMP13 expression both in vitro and in vivo and reduced adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats could be a means to control and reduce the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
AuthorsHaomiao Yu, Yadong Li, Lifeng Ma, Hai Meng, Xiaodong Bai, Zihan Fan, Fei Yu, Ai Guo
JournalNutrition research (New York, N.Y.) (Nutr Res) Vol. 35 Issue 12 Pg. 1113-21 (Dec 2015) ISSN: 1879-0739 [Electronic] United States
PMID26675329 (Publication Type: Journal Article)
CopyrightCopyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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