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[Effect of Gualou Xiebai Banxia decoction combined with Xuefu Zhuyu decoction on myocardial apoptosis and relevant protein expressions in miniature swine phlegm and blood stasis type coronary heart disease model].

Abstract
There have been very few studies on the effect of Gualou Xiebai Banxia decoction combined with Xuefu Zhuyu decoction in inhibiting apoptosis in myocardial ischemial injury caused by coronary heart disease. In this experiment, Gualou Xiebai Banxia decoction combined with-Xuefu Zhuyu decoction were used to intervene the miniature swine phlegm and blood stasis type coronary heart disease model, in order to observe the effect of the combined prescription on the myocardial apoptosis and the expressions of Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 in the model. Totally 15 Chinese experimental miniature swine were adopted and randomly divided into the control group, the model group and the phlegm and stasis-treating group. The model group and the stasis-treating group were fed with high fat diets for two weeks, intervened with the coronary artery injury and then given drugs and high fat diets for eight weeks. The control group was fed with ordinary diets for 10 weeks, without the coronary artery injury. After the experiment, myocardia at the juncture of infracted areas were collected and made into formalin-fixed paraffin sections. The TDT-mediate dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was used to detect the myocardial apoptosis. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) technique was applied to detect Bcl-2, Bax, Caspase-3, Caspase-9 levels in myocardial tissues. According to the findings, the apoptosis indexes (AI) for the control group, the model group and the phlegm and stasis-treating group were 0.92%, 27.68%, 17.28%, respectively. The AI of the phlegm and stasis-treating group was significantly lower than that of the model group (P < 0.01). Compared with the model group, the phlegm and stasis-treating group showed significantly higher Bcl-2 protein expression (P < 0.01) and lower Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 protein expressions (P < 0.01). In conclusion, Gualou Xiebai Banxia decoction combined with Xuefu Zhuyu decoction have a significant protective effect against the myocardial apoptosis in miniature swine phlegm and blood stasis type coronary heart disease model.
AuthorsAi-guo Yan, Jian-xun Liu, Xin-zhi Li, Xiao-xia Dong, Hong-kun Li
JournalZhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica (Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi) Vol. 40 Issue 11 Pg. 2174-9 (Jun 2015) ISSN: 1001-5302 [Print] China
PMID26552176 (Publication Type: English Abstract, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Xue-Fu-Zhu-Yu decoction
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • Caspases
Topics
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis (drug effects)
  • Caspases (metabolism)
  • Coronary Disease (drug therapy)
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Drugs, Chinese Herbal (administration & dosage)
  • Female
  • Male
  • Medicine, Chinese Traditional
  • Myocardium (pathology)
  • Phytotherapy
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 (analysis)
  • Swine
  • Swine, Miniature
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein (analysis)

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