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Autologous Adipose Stromal Cells Seeded onto a Human Collagen Matrix for Dermal Regeneration in Chronic Wounds: Clinical Proof of Concept.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Nonhealing wounds are unable to integrate skin autografts by avascular and fibrotic dermal tissue. Adipose-derived stromal cells can improve the local environment of the wound bed by angiogenesis and immunomodulation. This work aimed to develop a biological dressing made of adipose-derived stromal cells onto a human acellular collagen matrix.
METHODS:
Adipose-derived stromal cells were isolated from human adipose tissue (n = 8). In vitro, the genetic stability during early and late passages (1, 4, 10, and 16) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) secretion were assessed. Adipose-derived stromal cell adhesion and spreading on collagen matrix were preliminarily studied. In vivo tumorigenicity, angiogenesis, and tissue oxygenation were assessed after implantation of the construct in nude rats (n = 10). The biological dressing was manufactured and implanted in three patients with chronic wounds.
RESULTS:
In vitro, aneuploidies, but no clonal transformation, were detected up to late cellular passages. VEGF was secreted more during hypoxia (0.1% oxygen) than during normoxia (21% oxygen). Adipose-derived stromal cells can adhere and spread on the scaffold within 18 to 20 days. No tumor development occurred 3 months after implantation in immunocompromised rats. Vessel counts and tissue oxygenation were higher after adipose-derived stromal cell implantation. In patients, granulation tissue was found (276 percent of vessel density), followed by epithelialization or split-thickness skin engraftment up to 22 months after implantation.
CONCLUSIONS:
Implantation of adipose-derived stromal cells seeded onto human acellular collagen matrix (biological dressing) represents a promising therapy for nonhealing wounds, offering improvement in dermal angiogenesis and remodeling. This therapy using autologous stromal cells is safe, without significant genetic alterations after in vitro expansion.
AuthorsAurore Lafosse, Céline Desmet, Najima Aouassar, Wivine André, Marie-Sophie Hanet, Christophe Beauloye, Romain Vanwijck, Hélène A Poirel, Bernard Gallez, Denis Dufrane
JournalPlastic and reconstructive surgery (Plast Reconstr Surg) Vol. 136 Issue 2 Pg. 279-95 (Aug 2015) ISSN: 1529-4242 [Electronic] United States
PMID25946602 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Collagen
Topics
  • Adipocytes (transplantation)
  • Animals
  • Biological Dressings (utilization)
  • Chronic Disease
  • Coculture Techniques (methods)
  • Collagen (physiology)
  • Humans
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic (physiology)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Regeneration (physiology)
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Skin, Artificial
  • Stromal Cells (transplantation)
  • Transplantation, Autologous
  • Wound Healing (physiology)
  • Wounds and Injuries (ultrasonography)

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