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Clinical and molecular impact of inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase activity by tiazofurin.

Abstract
The impact of tiazofurin on inhibition of IMP dehydrogenase was discussed at the clinical and molecular levels. 1. Evidence was provided for the role of IMP dehydrogenase and guanylates in the expression of the neoplastic program in cancer cells with particular relevance to human leukemic cells. 2. The argument for expecting an impact of tiazofurin in human myelocytic cells was provided. 3. Similarity of the kinetics of human leukemic cell IMP dehydrogenase to the rat hepatoma enzyme was documented. 4. New evidence was provided for the role of salvage in chemotherapy and the function of hypoxanthine in inhibiting guanine salvage. 5. The action of tiazofurin and retinoic acid was reported in HL-60 leukemic cells. 6. The effect of tiazofurin and retinoic acid on proliferation and cytotoxicity was outlined for hepatoma 3924A cells. 7. The effect of guanine on induced differentiation by tiazofurin and retinoic acid was examined. 8. Biochemical basis was provided for the lack of development of resistance in patients treated with tiazofurin. 9. Presumptive evidence was provided that tiazofurin treatment induced differentiation of leukemic cells in the patients. 10. The molecular biology of tiazofurin-induced differentiation in K-562 cells was reviewed with the possible relevance to clinical treatment that tiazofurin might also act through down-regulation of ras oncogene.
AuthorsG Weber, Y Yamaji, E Olah, Y Natsumeda, H N Jayaram, E Lapis, W N Zhen, N Prajda, R Hoffman, G J Tricot
JournalAdvances in enzyme regulation (Adv Enzyme Regul) Vol. 28 Pg. 335-56 ( 1989) ISSN: 0065-2571 [Print] ENGLAND
PMID2576178 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.)
Chemical References
  • Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
  • Ribonucleosides
  • Guanosine
  • Ribavirin
  • Tretinoin
  • IMP Dehydrogenase
  • Ketone Oxidoreductases
  • tiazofurin
Topics
  • Animals
  • Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic (pharmacology)
  • Cell Differentiation (drug effects)
  • Cell Division (drug effects)
  • Cell Line
  • Guanosine (pharmacology)
  • Humans
  • IMP Dehydrogenase (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Ketone Oxidoreductases (antagonists & inhibitors)
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute
  • Liver Neoplasms, Experimental (enzymology, pathology)
  • Rats
  • Ribavirin (analogs & derivatives, pharmacology)
  • Ribonucleosides (pharmacology)
  • Tretinoin (pharmacology)
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured (cytology, drug effects, enzymology)

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