Localization of subthalamic nucleus borders using macroelectrode local field potential recordings.

Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is a highly effective treatment for motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease. However, precise intraoperative localization of STN remains a procedural challenge. In the present study, local field potentials (LFPs) were recorded from DBS macroelectrodes during trajectory to STN, in six patients. The frequency-vs-depth map of LFP activity was extracted and further analyzed within different sub-bands, to investigate whether LFP activity can be used for STN border identification. STN borders identified by LFPs were compared to border predictions by the neurosurgeon, based on microelectrode-derived, single-unit recordings (MER-SUA). The results demonstrate difference between MER-SUA and macroelectrode LFP recording with respect to the dorsal STN border of -1.00 ±0.84 mm and -0.42 ±1.07 mm in the beta and gamma frequency bands, respectively. For these sub-bands, RMS of these distances was found to be 1.26 mm and 1.06 mm, respectively. Analysis of other sub-bands did not allow for distinguishing the caudal border of STN. In conclusion, macroelectrode-derived LFP recordings may provide an alternative approach to MER-SUA, for localizing the target STN borders during DBS surgery.
AuthorsI Telkes, N F Ince, I Onaran, A Abosch
JournalConference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference (Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc) Vol. 2014 Pg. 2621-4 ( 2014) ISSN: 1557-170X [Print] United States
PMID25570528 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.)
  • Deep Brain Stimulation
  • Humans
  • Microelectrodes
  • Middle Aged
  • Parkinson Disease (physiopathology, surgery)
  • Subthalamic Nucleus (pathology, physiopathology, surgery)
  • Treatment Outcome

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