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Catechol-based substrates of chalcone synthase as a scaffold for novel inhibitors of PqsD.

Abstract
A new strategy for treating Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections could be disrupting the Pseudomonas Quinolone Signal (PQS) quorum sensing (QS) system. The goal is to impair communication among the cells and, hence, reduce the expression of virulence factors and the formation of biofilms. PqsD is an essential enzyme for the synthesis of PQS and shares some features with chalcone synthase (CHS2), an enzyme expressed in Medicago sativa. Both proteins are quite similar concerning the size of the active site, the catalytic residues and the electrostatic surface potential at the entrance of the substrate tunnel. Hence, we evaluated selected substrates of the vegetable enzyme as potential inhibitors of the bacterial protein. This similarity-guided approach led to the identification of a new class of PqsD inhibitors having a catechol structure as an essential feature for activity, a saturated linker with two or more carbons and an ester moiety bearing bulky substituents. The developed compounds showed PqsD inhibition with IC50 values in the single-digit micromolar range. The binding mode of these compounds was investigated by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) experiments revealing that their interaction with the protein is not influenced by the presence of the anthranilic acid bound to active site cysteine. Importantly, some compounds reduced the signal molecule production in cellulo.
AuthorsGiuseppe Allegretta, Elisabeth Weidel, Martin Empting, Rolf W Hartmann
JournalEuropean journal of medicinal chemistry (Eur J Med Chem) Vol. 90 Pg. 351-9 (Jan 27 2015) ISSN: 1768-3254 [Electronic] France
PMID25437621 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
Chemical References
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Catechols
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Acyltransferases
  • flavanone synthetase
  • catechol
Topics
  • Acyltransferases (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Bacterial Proteins (antagonists & inhibitors, metabolism)
  • Catechols (chemical synthesis, chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Enzyme Inhibitors (chemical synthesis, chemistry, pharmacology)
  • Pseudomonas aeruginosa (enzymology)
  • Quorum Sensing (drug effects)
  • Substrate Specificity

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