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Impact of hyperthermia before and during ischemia-reperfusion on neuronal damage and gliosis in the gerbil hippocampus induced by transient cerebral ischemia.

Abstract
Hyperthermia can exacerbate the brain damage produced by ischemia. In the present study, we investigated the effects of hyperthermia before and during ischemia-reperfusion on neuronal damage and glial changes in the gerbil hippocampus following transient cerebral ischemia using cresyl violet staining, NeuN immunohistochemistry and Fluoro-Jade B histofluorescence staining. The animals were randomly assigned to 4 groups: (1) sham-operated animals with normothermia (normothermia + sham group); (2) ischemia-operated animals with normothermia (normothermia + ischemia group); (3) sham-operated animals with hyperthermia (hyperthermia + sham group); and (4) ischemia-operated animals with hyperthermia (hyperthermia + ischemia group). Hyperthermia (39.5 ± 0.2°C) was induced by exposing the gerbils to a heating pad connected to a rectal thermistor for 30 min before and during ischemia-reperfusion. In the normothermia+ischemia groups, a significant delayed neuronal death was observed in the stratum pyramidale (SP) of the hippocampal CA1 region (CA1) 5 days after ischemia-reperfusion. In the hyperthermia+ischemia groups, neuronal death in the SP of the CA1 occurred at 1 day post-ischemia, and neuronal death was observed in the SP of the CA2/3 region at 2 days post-ischemia. In addition, we examined activations of astrocytes and microglia using immunohistochemistry for anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and anti-ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1). GFAP-positive astrocytes and Iba-1-positive microglia in the ischemic hippocampus were activated much earlier and much more accelerated in the hyperthermia+ischemia groups than those in the normothermia+ischemia groups. Based on our findings, we suggest that an experimentally hyperthermic pre-condition before cerebral ischemic insult produces more extensive neuronal damage and glial activation in the ischemic hippocampus.
AuthorsMin Joung Kim, Jun Hwi Cho, Jeong-Hwi Cho, Joon Ha Park, Ji Hyeon Ahn, Hyun-Jin Tae, Geum-Sil Cho, Bing Chun Yan, In Koo Hwang, Choong Hyun Lee, Eun Joo Bae, Moo-Ho Won, Jae-Chul Lee
JournalJournal of the neurological sciences (J Neurol Sci) Vol. 348 Issue 1-2 Pg. 101-10 (Jan 15 2015) ISSN: 1878-5883 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID25434714 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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