Small versus large-sized drug-eluting beads (DEBIRI) for the treatment of hepatic colorectal metastases: a propensity score matching analysis.

To compare the feasibility, safety, and efficacy with small and large irinotecan drug-eluting beads (DEBIRI) for treating hepatic colorectal metastases.
Using our prospectively maintained, multi-center, intra-arterial therapy registry, we identified 196 patients treated with a combination of large beads (100-300 to 500-700 μm) and patients treated with a combination of small beads (70-150 to 100-300 μm). To minimize selection bias, a propensity score analysis was performed to compare both groups.
Unadjusted analysis consisted of 196 and 30 patients treated with large and small beads, respectively. The adjusted analysis consisted of 19 patients each. Unadjusted analysis showed decreased all-grade (p = <0.001) and high-grade adverse effects (p = 0.02) in the small bead group, with a persisting trend toward decreased overall side effects in the adjusted analysis favoring small beads (p = 0.09) The adjusted analysis showed the percentage dose delivered (delivered dose/intended dose) was significantly greater in the small bead group compared to the large bead group (96 vs 79 %; p = 0.005). There were also a lower percentage of treatments terminating in complete stasis in the adjusted analysis (0.0035). Adjusted analysis also showed increased objective response rate (ORR) at 12 months (p = 0.04), with a corresponding trend also seen in the unadjusted analysis (0.09).
Smaller beads result in increased dose delivery probably due to less propensity to reach complete stasis. It may also lead to more durable long-term efficacy. Smaller beads also demonstrate similarly low toxicity compared to large-sized beads with a trend toward less toxicity.
AuthorsOlaguoke K Akinwande, Prejesh Philips, Petr Duras, Stefan Pluntke, Charles Scoggins, Robert C G Martin
JournalCardiovascular and interventional radiology (Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol) Vol. 38 Issue 2 Pg. 361-71 (Apr 2015) ISSN: 1432-086X [Electronic] United States
PMID25366090 (Publication Type: Comparative Study, Journal Article, Multicenter Study)
Chemical References
  • Drug Carriers
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Chemoembolization, Therapeutic
  • Colorectal Neoplasms (pathology)
  • Drug Carriers (therapeutic use)
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver (radiography)
  • Liver Neoplasms (radiography, secondary, therapy)
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Propensity Score
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome

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