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Evaluation of safety and immunogenicity of a live attenuated tetravalent (G1-G4) Bovine-Human Reassortant Rotavirus vaccine (BRV-TV) in healthy Indian adults and infants.

AbstractBACKGROUND:
Rotavirus infections, prevalent in human populations worldwide are mostly caused by Group A viruses. Live attenuated rotavirus vaccines are highly effective in preventing severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. However, the cost of these vaccines and local availability can be a barrier for widespread adoption in public health programs in developing countries where infants suffer a heavy burden of rotavirus related morbidity and mortality. A phase I/II study was carried out with the long term aim to produce a locally licensed vaccine which is equally safe and immunogenic as compared to available licensed vaccines.
METHODS:
This study was conducted in two cohorts. In the first cohort, 20 healthy adults were administered a single dose of the rotavirus vaccine (highest antigen concentration planned for infants) or placebo and were followed up for 10 days for safety. Following demonstration of safety in adult volunteers, 100 healthy infants were recruited (cohort 2) and randomly divided into five equal study groups. They were administered three doses of either the investigational rotavirus vaccine (BRV-TV) at one of the three antigen concentrations or Rotateq or Placebo at 6-8, 10-12 and 14-16 weeks of age. All infants were followed up for safety till 28 days after the third dose. Immune response to the vaccine, in terms of seroresponse and geometric mean concentrations, was compared across the five study groups.
RESULTS:
Increase in anti-rotavirus serum IgA antibodies from baseline, demonstrated higher immune response for all the three antigen concentrations of BRV-TV vaccine and RotaTeq in comparison with the placebo. Sero-response rates for placebo, BRV-TV dose-levels 10(5.0) FFU, 10(5.8) FFU, 10(6.4) FFU, and Rotateq at 28 days post third dose were 11.1%, 27.8%, 41.2%, 83.3%, and 63.2% respectively using the four-fold or more criteria. The BRV-TV vaccine arm corresponding to the highest antigen concentration of 10(6.4) FFU had a higher sero-response rate compared to the active comparator arm (RotaTeq), 28 days post each vaccine dose. The safety profile was comparable across the treatment groups.
CONCLUSIONS:
Overall, the results showed that all three doses of BRV-TV vaccine were safe, well tolerated and displayed good immunogenicity (dose-response) in healthy Indian infants.
AuthorsM S Dhingra, R Kundu, M Gupta, S Kanungo, N Ganguly, M P Singh, M K Bhattacharya, R Ghosh, R Kumar, D Sur, S M Chadha, T Saluja
JournalVaccine (Vaccine) Vol. 32 Suppl 1 Pg. A117-23 (Aug 11 2014) ISSN: 1873-2518 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID25091664 (Publication Type: Clinical Trial, Phase I, Clinical Trial, Phase II, Journal Article, Randomized Controlled Trial, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
CopyrightCopyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Chemical References
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Rotavirus Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Attenuated
Topics
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Viral (blood)
  • Cattle
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Gastroenteritis (prevention & control, virology)
  • Healthy Volunteers
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin A (blood)
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reassortant Viruses
  • Rotavirus
  • Rotavirus Infections (prevention & control)
  • Rotavirus Vaccines (therapeutic use)
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Vaccines, Attenuated (therapeutic use)
  • Virus Shedding

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