HOMEPRODUCTSSERVICESCOMPANYCONTACTFAQResearchDictionaryPharmaMobileSign Up FREE or Login

A detailed analysis of methylmalonic acid kinetics during hemodialysis and after combined liver/kidney transplantation in a patient with mut (0) methylmalonic acidemia.

Abstract
End stage kidney disease is a well-known complication of methylmalonic acidemia (MMA), and can be treated by dialysis, kidney transplant, or combined kidney-liver transplant. While liver and/or kidney transplantation in MMA may reduce the risk of metabolic crisis and end-organ disease, it does not fully prevent disease-related complications. We performed detailed metabolite and kinetic analyses in a 28-year-old patient with mut (0) MMA who underwent hemodialysis for 6 months prior to receiving a combined liver/kidney transplant. A single hemodialysis session led to a 54 % reduction in plasma methylmalonic acid and yielded a plasma clearance of 103 ml/min and VD0.48 L/kg, which approximates the total body free water space. This was followed by rapid reaccumulation of methylmalonic acid over 24 h to the predialysis concentration in the plasma. Following combined liver/kidney transplantation, the plasma methylmalonic acid was reduced to 3 % of pre-dialysis levels (6,965 ± 1,638 (SD) μmol/L and 234 ± 100 (SD) μmol/L) but remained >850× higher than the upper limit of normal (0.27 ± 0.08 (SD) μmol/L). Despite substantial post-operative metabolic improvement, the patient developed significant neurologic complications including acute worsening of vision in the setting of pre-existing bilateral optic neuropathy, generalized seizures, and a transient, focal leukoencephalopathy. Plasma methylmalonic acid was stable throughout the post-operative course. The biochemical parameters exhibited by this patient further define the whole body metabolism of methylmalonic acid in the setting of dialysis and subsequent combined liver/kidney transplant.
AuthorsHilary J Vernon, C John Sperati, Joshua D King, Andrea Poretti, Neil R Miller, Jennifer L Sloan, Andrew M Cameron, Donna Myers, Charles P Venditti, David Valle
JournalJournal of inherited metabolic disease (J Inherit Metab Dis) Vol. 37 Issue 6 Pg. 899-907 (Nov 2014) ISSN: 1573-2665 [Electronic] Netherlands
PMID24961826 (Publication Type: Case Reports, Journal Article)
Chemical References
  • Methylmalonic Acid
  • Methylmalonyl-CoA Mutase
Topics
  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Metabolism, Inborn Errors (complications)
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney (surgery)
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic (therapy)
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Kinetics
  • Liver (surgery)
  • Liver Transplantation
  • Methylmalonic Acid (blood)
  • Methylmalonyl-CoA Mutase (genetics)
  • Postoperative Complications (diagnosis)
  • Renal Dialysis

Join CureHunter, for free Research Interface BASIC access!

Take advantage of free CureHunter research engine access to explore the best drug and treatment options for any disease. Find out why thousands of doctors, pharma researchers and patient activists around the world use CureHunter every day.
Realize the full power of the drug-disease research network!


Choose Username:
Email:
Password:
Verify Password: