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Population pharmacokinetics of cefditoren pivoxil in non-infected adults.

Abstract
Population pharmacokinetic analysis was conducted on cefditoren pivoxil (CDTR-PI), a third generation oral antibiotic to evaluate the effect of covariates on pharmacokinetic parameters. Plasma concentrations of cefditoren (CDTR, total number of sampling points: 2864) obtained from healthy adult subjects, elderlies, and subjects with renal dysfunction (287 subjects) after CDTR-PI administration as well as demographic data of those subjects were used for analysis. We conducted the population pharmacokinetic analysis of CDTR-PI using a nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) method. A one-compartment model with a first-order absorption and lag time fitted well to plasma concentration-time curve for CDTR. The subject covariate significantly affecting pharmacokinetic parameters of CDTR-PI was demonstrated by population pharmacokinetic analysis. The absorption rate constant (ka: hr(-1)) of CDTR-PI decreased with age, total clearance adjusted by bioavailability (CL/F: L/hr/kg) increased with increasing creatinine clearance adjusted by body weight (Ccr: mL/min/kg) and volume of distribution adjusted by bioavailability (Vd/F: L/kg) decreased with increasing body weight (WT: kg). In addition, the lag time (Tlag: hr) depends on formulation (tablet or granule) of CDTR-PI and the absorption lag time of the tablet was longer than that of the granule. We could obtain the population mean parameters of CDTR-PI together with interindividual variability and intraindividual residual variability after oral administration of CDTR-PI to adult subjects. In the future, this information will enable us to simulate the plasma concentrations of CDTR in subjects with various demographic backgrounds, which contributes to future examination of the efficacy and safety of CDTR-PI.
AuthorsKayoko Matsumoto, Nobuo Sato, Nayu Mitomi, Yoshihisa Shitara, Shigeki Shibasaki
JournalThe Japanese journal of antibiotics (Jpn J Antibiot) Vol. 67 Issue 1 Pg. 49-66 (Feb 2014) ISSN: 0368-2781 [Print] Japan
PMID24809208 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)

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