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Epizootiological investigation of the most important infectious equine diseases in Greece.

Abstract
During the period 2001 to 2008, a total of 7,872 equine sera were tested at the Centre of Veterinary Institutes of Athens. Antibodies against seven infectious diseases of equids were determined: equine infectious anaemia (EIA), African horse sickness (AHS), equine viral arteritis (EVA), West Nile encephalitis (WNE), glanders, piroplasmosis and dourine. Tests for the four viral diseases found 4.5% seropositivity for EIA, 0% for AHS, 3.3% for EVA and 4% for WNE. All sera tested for glanders antibodies were negative. Tests for piroplasmosis detected antibodies against T. equi and B. caballi in 12.9% and 1.3% of the sera, respectively. No sample tested positive for dourine. The results of this epidemiological survey provide strong evidence that Greece is free from the diseases of AHS, glanders and dourine.
AuthorsO Mangana-Vougiouka, S Boutsini, D Ntousi, M Patakakis, E Orfanou, K Zafiropoulou, D Dilaveris, D Panagiotatos, K Nomikou
JournalRevue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics) (Rev Sci Tech) Vol. 32 Issue 3 Pg. 775-87 (Dec 2013) ISSN: 0253-1933 [Print] France
PMID24761730 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Topics
  • Animals
  • Commerce
  • Communicable Diseases (epidemiology, veterinary)
  • Greece (epidemiology)
  • Horse Diseases (epidemiology)
  • Horses
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Serologic Tests (veterinary)

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