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Efficacy of topical versus oral 5-aminosalicylate for treatment of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced ulcerative colitis in rats.

Abstract
5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) is drug of choice for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). In this study, the efficacy of topical versus oral 5-ASA for the treatment of UC was examined as well as the action mechanism of this medication. A flexible tube was inserted into the rat cecum to establish a topical administration model of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced UC. A total of 60 rats were divided into sham operation group (receiving an enema of 0.9% saline solution instead of the TNBS solution via the tube), model group, topical 5-ASA group, oral Etiasa group (a release agent of mesalazine used as positive control) and oral 5-ASA group (n=12 each). Different treatments were administered 1 day after UC induction. The normal saline (2 mL) was instilled twice a day through the tube in the sham operation group and model group. 5-ASA was given via the tube in the topical 5-ASA group (7.5 g/L, twice per day, 100 mg/kg), and rats in the oral Etiasa group and oral 5-ASA group intragastrically received Etiasa (7.5 g/L, twice per day, 100 mg/kg) and 5-ASA (7.5 g/L, twice per day, 100 mg/kg), respectively. The body weight was recorded every day. After 7 days of treatment, blood samples were drawn from the heart to harvest the sera. Colonic tissues were separated and prepared for pathological and related molecular biological examinations. The concentrations of 5-ASA were detected at different time points in the colonic tissues, feces and sera in different groups by using the high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC). The results showed that the symptoms of acute UC, including bloody diarrhea and weight loss, were significantly improved in topical 5-ASA-treated rats. The colonic mucosal damage, both macroscopical and histological, was significantly relieved and the myeloperoxidase activity was markedly decreased in rats topically treated with 5-ASA compared with those treated with oral 5-ASA or Etiasa. The mRNA and protein expression of IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α was down-regulated in the colonic tissue of rats topically treated with 5-ASA, significantly lower than those from rats treated with oral 5-ASA or Etiasa. The concentrations of 5-ASA in the colonic tissue were significantly higher in the topical 5-ASA group than in the oral 5-ASA and oral Etiasa groups. It was concluded that the topical administration of 5-ASA can effectively increase the concentration of 5-ASA in the colonic tissue, decrease the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, alleviate the colonic pathological damage and improve the symptoms of TNBS-induced acute UC in rats.
AuthorsJin Li, Cheng Chen, Xiao-nian Cao, Gui-hua Wang, Jun-bo Hu, Jing Wang
JournalJournal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban (J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci) Vol. 34 Issue 1 Pg. 59-65 (Feb 2014) ISSN: 1672-0733 [Print] China
PMID24496680 (Publication Type: Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't)
Chemical References
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Interleukin-1beta
  • Interleukin-6
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Mesalamine
  • Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
  • Peroxidase
Topics
  • Administration, Oral
  • Administration, Topical
  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Colitis, Ulcerative (chemically induced, drug therapy)
  • Colon (drug effects, metabolism, pathology)
  • Down-Regulation (drug effects)
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Gene Expression (drug effects)
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Interleukin-1beta (genetics, metabolism)
  • Interleukin-6 (genetics, metabolism)
  • Intestinal Mucosa (drug effects, metabolism, pathology)
  • Male
  • Mesalamine (administration & dosage, pharmacology)
  • Peroxidase (metabolism)
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (genetics, metabolism)

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